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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Crystallization kinetics, structure, and rheological behavior of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/multilayer graphene oxide nanocomposites

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Author(s):
Pinto, Gabriel M. [1, 2] ; Silva, Giovanna da C. [1] ; Santillo, Chiara [3] ; Lavorgna, Marino [3] ; Maia, Joao M. [2] ; Fechine, Guilhermino J. M. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Mackenzie Inst Res Graphene & Nanotechnol MackGra, Rua Consolacao 896, BR-01302907 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Case Western Reserve Univ, Dept Macromol Sci & Engn, 2100 Adelbert Rd, Cleveland, OH 44106 - USA
[3] CNR, Inst Polymers Composites & Biomat, Naples - Italy
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE; v. 60, n. 11 AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This work aims to produce poly(ethylene terephthalate)/multilayer graphene oxide (mGO) nanocomposites via continuous melt mixing in twin-screw extrusion, and to study the changes in crystallization and melt flow behavior. Three mGO contents (0.05, 0.1, and 0.3 wt%) were used. Differential scanning calorimetry analyses showed that at 0.1 wt%, mGO acted best as nucleating agent, increasing the crystallization kinetics as well as the melt crystallization temperature (T-mc) by more than 20%. It was also observed that mGO increases the crystals perfection. The nucleating behavior was confirmed by X-ray diffraction and small angle X-ray scattering analyses, which showed a decrease in the composites' crystalline lamella thickness (l(c)) and long period. X-ray microtomography data confirms that this behavior is significantly affected by the mGO agglomerates distribution and specific surface area inside the polymer matrix. The rheological behavior was studied under two different conditions. It was noticed that under lower shear stresses the mGO particles hinder the polymer flow, increasing the composites viscosity and the pseudo-solid character. However, under higher shear stresses, for example, when flowing through a die, the nanomaterial enters its ``superlubricity state,{''} acting as a lubricant to the flow. This is industrially interesting, because it may allow the use of less severe processing parameters to produce the nanocomposites. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/10910-8 - Photodegradation and photostabilization of polymer nanocomposites based on two-dimensional fillers
Grantee:Guilhermino José Macêdo Fechine
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/18055-0 - Investigation of the barriers properties of PET/GO nanocomposites for the packaging industry
Grantee:Giovanna da Cruz Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 12/50259-8 - Graphene: photonics and opto-electronics: UPM-NUS collaboration
Grantee:Antonio Helio de Castro Neto
Support type: Research Projects - SPEC Program
FAPESP's process: 18/05440-2 - Mechanical and barrier properties of polymer nanocomposites based on poly(ethyelene terephthalate) - PET and graphene oxide-GO
Grantee:Gabriel Matheus Pinto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master