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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Correlates of in situ Larval Survivorship of the Threatened South American Toad Melanophryniscus montevidensis (Anura, Bufonidae)

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Bardier, Cecilia [1] ; Maneyro, Raul [2] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Inst Invest Biol Clemente Estable, Ave Italia 3318, Montevideo 11600 - Uruguay
[2] Univ Republica, Fac Ciencias, Lab Sistemat & Hist Nat Vertebrados, Inst Ecol & Ciencias Ambientales, Igua 4225, Montevideo 11400 - Uruguay
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Lab Hist Nat Anfibios Brasileiros, Dept Biol Anim, Inst Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: South American Journal of Herpetology; v. 17, n. 1, p. 33-42, AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Population declines are noticeable when adults disappear locally or massive die-offs are reported. However, populations can slowly decline if recruitment is unsuccessful. We aimed to determine the recruitment rates and the biotic factors involved in the metamorphosing success of a threatened species, Melanophryniscus rnontevidensis. Using in situ enclosures in ponds of a protected area (Laguna de Rocha, Rocha, Uruguay), we assessed larval survivorship, body size, and duration of development, from eggs to the end of metamorphosis. Also, we evaluated which factors of the larval dynamics (density, body size, predation, location, and depth) better explain the overall survivorship using generalized linear models (GLMs). We recorded metamorphs in only 8 of 25 clutches, accounting for a median success per clutch of 1.2%. Median development time until Gosner stage 42 was 26 days, with a median body length of 6.1 mm. The best simplified GLM for survival success included number of larvae (recorded 10 days before sampling) and depth as significant negative predictors and body length as a positive predictor. Depth and body length had the greatest effect. The body size at metamorphosis was negatively correlated to development time, suggesting a delayed growth possibly involved in the lack of response to pond duration (causing mass mortalities) in some enclosures. In spite of the potential plasticity of the species to respond to pond desiccation, we predicted that ponds that dry in less than 20 days might not yield any offspring. The in situ data provided by this study may help understanding the processes behind the dedine of M. montevidensis, thus helping to establish proper conservation actions for the populations and the ponds where they breed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/23388-7 - Comunication and sensory systems of the anurans of the Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/18335-5 - Passive air transportation of an amphibian lethal pathogen in high elevation sites: practical applications for protected areas conservation in the State of São Paulo
Grantee:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/25358-3 - The chytrid fungus: from its origins to its consequences
Grantee:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants