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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Polyurethane nanocomposites can increase the release control in granulated fertilizers by controlling nutrient diffusion

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Author(s):
Bortoletto-Santos, Ricardo [1, 2] ; Plotegher, Fabio [2] ; Majaron, Vinicius F. [3] ; da Silva, Marisa G. [3] ; Polito, Wagner L. [4] ; Ribeiro, Caue [2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho UN, Inst Quim, Ave Prof Francisco Degni 55, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Instrumentacao, Lab Nacl Nanotecnol Agronegocio LNNA, Rua 15 Novembro 1452, BR-13561206 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, Rodovia Washington Luiz, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Campus Sao Carlos, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE; v. 199, DEC 1 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

We proposed a nanocomposite system based on castor oil-derived polyurethane (PU) for controlling the release of fertilizers by an ion-exchange mechanism. PU coatings modified with less than 5% montmorillonite, a cation exchange material, successfully retarded the nitrogen release from urea granules, with less than 50% of the nutrient released within 18 days of immersion, as confirmed by soil incubation experiments. The same profile was observed for the phosphate release from monoammonium phosphate (MAP) granules coated with PU modified with hydrotalcite (less than 5% by weight), an anion-exchange material. The release times were proportional to the contents of the cationor anion-exchange materials, which exhibited specific correlations with the kind of nutrient released (i.e., cationic or anionic), confirming the diffusion barrier promoted by the PU coating structures. Our results demonstrated that the use of PU nanocomposites can significantly reduce the coating thickness with improved nitrogen and phosphorus release control, opening a new field for the investigation of controlled release fertilizers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/10448-2 - Development of biodegradable polymer blends in urea / melamine / formaldehyde / polyols system for applications as coating of agrochemicals
Grantee:Marisa Gomes da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 16/15482-9 - Development of nanocomposites based on elemental sulfur to convey the micronutrients to the soil
Grantee:Fábio Plotegher
Support type: Research Grants - Innovative Research in Small Business - PIPE
FAPESP's process: 20/03259-9 - Development of a new kind of biodegradable polymer nanocomposes for application as coating in the slow and controlled release of soluble fertilizers
Grantee:Ricardo Bortoletto Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/10636-8 - From the cell factory to the Biodiesel-Bioethanol integrated biorefinery: a systems approach applied to complex problems in micro and macroscales
Grantee:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/18673-2 - Development and evaluation of acidity buffering systems for the volatilization control of ammonia from urea
Grantee:Vinicius Ferraz Majaron
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation