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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Equivalence relations do exist before they are tested: Confirmatory evidence revealed by EEG measurements

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Author(s):
Silveira, Marcelo V. [1, 2, 3] ; Silvestrin, Mateus [3] ; Vilela, Eduardo C. [1, 4] ; de Rose, Julio C. [1, 5] ; Arntzen, Erik [2] ; Caetano, Marcelo S. [1, 3]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Behav Cognit & Teaching I, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Oslo Metropolitan Univ, Oslo - Norway
[3] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Math Comp & Cognit UFABC CMCC, Sao Bernardo Do Campo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo IP USP, Inst Psicol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Psicol UFSCar DPsi, Sao Carlos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 115, n. 1, SI, p. 284-295, JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

We examined equivalence-based N400 effects by comparing EEG data from participants with different experiences with equivalence testing. Before a priming task used in EEG measurement, Group 1 was given only matching-to-sample training trials whereas Group 2 was exposed to matching-to-sample training and equivalence probe trials. We asked whether exposure to the reinforcement contingency was sufficient to bring about an N400 outcome that might indicate potentially emergent equivalence relations or if such a response depended on experience with equivalence tests. Results showed robust N400 in both groups. Experience with equivalence tests did not further increase the N400 effects. Our findings add confirmatory evidence that equivalence relations may originate via the reinforcement contingency alone. Furthermore, complementary EEG data collected from priming tasks involving words from natural language showed functional overlap between laboratory-defined equivalence and natural word-based N400 effects. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/06178-7 - The effects of different abitrary MTS training parameters on N400 signatures evoked by members of distinct equivalence classes in comparison to the N400 evoked by words from the natural language
Grantee:Marcelo Vitor da Silveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/14661-5 - The use of event-related potentials in studies of derived stimulus control
Grantee:Marcelo Vitor da Silveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 14/50909-8 - INCT 2014: Behavior, Cognition and Teaching (INCT-ECCE): relational learning and symbolic functioning
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/24951-2 - Decoding of temporal intervals and predictive errors in neural signals
Grantee:Mateus Silvestrin
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate