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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coffee consumption and risk of hypertension: A prospective analysis in the cohort study

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Miranda, Andreia Machado [1] ; Goulart, Alessandra C. [2] ; Bensenor, Isabela M. [3, 2] ; Lotufo, Paulo A. [3, 2] ; Marchioni, Dirce Maria [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Univ Hosp, Ctr Clin & Epidemiol Res, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Clinical Nutrition; v. 40, n. 2, p. 542-549, FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background: Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages around the world. Dietary habits, specifically, coffee consumption has long been a suspected cause of hypertension. However, previous findings on coffee consumption and its association with the incidence of hypertension are not homogeneous and still inconsistent. Purpose: To examine the association of habitual coffee consumption with the risk of developing hypertension in a middle-aged Brazilian cohort. Methods: Data were from the multicenter prospective cohort ``Brazilian Longitudinal Study for Adult Health ELSA-Brasil{''}. The cohort comprises 15,105 civil servants, aged 35-74 years at baseline, who were sampled from universities located in six Brazilian cities. For the present study, we analyzed data from 8780 participants initially free of hypertension during a mean follow-up of 3.9 years. The consumption of coffee was obtained at baseline using a previously validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Subsequently coffee intake was categorized into four categories (cups/day): never/almost never, <= 1, 1-3, and >3. Hypertension status was defined as a systolic blood pressure >= 140 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure >= 90 mmHg, use of antihypertensive drug treatment, or both. Poisson regression model with a robust variance was performed to estimate relative risk (RR) and confidence interval (95% CI) for hypertension according to baseline coffee consumption. The effect of interaction between coffee consumption and smoking status was assessed. Results: Most participants (90%) drank coffee, and the median total coffee intake was 150 mL/day. A total of 1285 participants developed hypertension. Compared to participants who never or almost never drink coffee, the risk of hypertension was lower for individuals consuming 1-3 cups/day (RR 0.82, 95% CI: 0.68-0.97) (P for interaction1/40.018). After stratification by smoking status the analysis revealed a decreased risk of hypertension in never smokers drinking 1-3 cups of coffee per day (RR 0.79, 95% CI: 0.64-0.98), whereas the hypertension risk among former and current smokers was not associated with coffee consumption significantly. Moreover, upper category of coffee drinking (>3 cups/day) the association was not significant for risk of hypertension. Conclusion: The association between coffee consumption and incidence of hypertension was related to smoking status. The beneficial effect of moderate coffee intake (1-3 cups/day) on risk of hypertension was observed only in never smokers. (c) 2020 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/04116-7 - Effect of coffee consumption at risk of hypertension in healthy individuals and survival after acute coronary syndrome: analysis of longitudinal studies
Grantee:Andreia Alexandra Machado Miranda
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/12256-4 - Calcium score and coronary atherosclerosis in an adult cohort
Grantee:Paulo Andrade Lotufo
Support type: Regular Research Grants