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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Spent brewer's yeast proteins and cell debris as innovative emulsifiers and carrier materials for edible oil microencapsulation

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Author(s):
Velez-Erazo, Eliana Marcela [1] ; Saturno, Rafaela Polessi [1] ; Marson, Gabriela Vollet [1, 2] ; Hubinger, Miriam Dupas [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, Dept Food Engn, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Montpellier, CNRS, Inst Europeen Membranes, ENSCM, CC 047, 2 Pl Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier - France
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Food Research International; v. 140, FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Spent brewer's yeast is a by-product rich in proteins, polysaccharides, and fibres. In addition to being nutritive, this material is available in large amounts and can be considered a cheap and sustainable alternative as a carrier material for microencapsulation. The objective of this work was to use the protein hydrolysate of spent brewer's yeast as an emulsifying agent and carrier material for the microencapsulation of sunflower oil by spray drying. A Central Composite Rotational Design (CCRD) was used to determine emulsion's optimal conditions: protein concentration (1.5-6.0%), oil concentration (10-25%) and pH (5.5-7.5) regarding Turbiscan Stability Index (TSI), droplet size and zeta-potential. The validated optimised emulsion containing 4.4% protein and 17.5% oil was produced at a pH value of 6.5. This formulation had a mean droplet diameter of 6.6 +/- 0.3 mu m, zeta- potential of 29.0 +/- 1.7 mV and a TSI (24 h) of 0.9 +/- 0.2%. This emulsion was spray-dried with and without maltodextrin (M20) at 150 and 180 degrees C. The highest encapsulation efficiency was 55%, achieved at 180 degrees C with M20, 87% higher than dry powder at the same temperature, but without M20. The water activity of powders without M20 were 58% and 14% lower (0.20 and 0.17) than powders with M20 dried at 150 and 180 degrees C, (0.13 and 0.15) respectively. The mean particle size was close to 50 mu m. The powder without M20, dried at 150 degrees C, showed the highest stability against oxidation (45 degrees C for 4 weeks), with a peroxide index of 311 meq of peroxide per kg of oil. Powder properties were evaluated by SEM and FT-IR. Kinetically stable emulsions and particles were produced from spent brewer's yeast ingredients, which were able to act as both carrier materials and emulsifiers, providing a more noble use for an important brewing residue. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/18465-8 - Membrane concentration and fracionation of brewer spent yeast protein hydrolyzate
Grantee:Gabriela Vollet Marson
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 18/04067-6 - Membrane concentration and fractionation of brewer spent yeast protein hydrolysate
Grantee:Gabriela Vollet Marson
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 18/11442-8 - Brewer's spent yeast protein hydrolysate as emulsifying agent and wall material for microencapsulation
Grantee:Rafaela Polessi Saturno
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation