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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of soybean oil or various levels of whole cottonseed on intake, digestibility, feeding behavior, and ruminal fermentation characteristics of finishing beef cattle

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Author(s):
de Gouvea, Vinicius Nunes [1, 2] ; Biehl, Marcos Vinicius [3] ; de Castro Ferraz Junior, Marcos Vinicius [1] ; Moreira, Elizangela Mirian [1] ; Faleiro Neto, Jose Alipio [1] ; Westphalen, Mariana Fontana [3] ; Oliveira, Gabriela Bagio [1] ; Ferreira, Evandro Maia [3] ; Polizel, Daniel Montanher [3, 1] ; Pires, Alexandre Vaz [3, 1]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Anim Nutr & Prod, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[2] New Mexico State Univ, Clayton Livestock Res Ctr, Dept Anim & Range Sci, Clayton, NM 88415 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz De Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Anim Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: LIVESTOCK SCIENCE; v. 244, FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Six rumen-cannulated Nellore steers (407 +/- 24 kg initial body weight) were used in a 6 x 6 Latin square design experiment to evaluate the effects of soybean oil (SO) or various levels of whole cottonseed (WC) in finishing diets. Treatments consisted of five levels {[}0, 8, 16, 24, and 32% of dry matter (DM) basis] of WC in diets containing 80% concentrate and one diet formulated to contain a similar concentration of lipid (DM basis) as diet WC32 but without WC, rather using SO. Increasing levels of WC decreased the intake of DM, non-fibrous carbohydrate, and total digestible nutrients (linear; P <= 0.01), tended to decrease the intake of crude protein (linear; P = 0.10), but didn't affect the intake of neutral detergent fiber (P = 0.12). The intake of total fatty acids increased (linear; P < 0.01) due to the increasing levels of WC. The inclusion of SO also increased the intake of total fatty acids (P < 0.01) but did not affect (P >= 0.20) the intake of DM, crude protein and neutral detergent fiber compared with WC0. Increasing levels of WC decreased the total volatile fatty acids concentration (linear; P < 0.001). Feeding SO reduced the total protozoa account (P < 0.001) compared with WC0. Feeding SO did not affect the intake, nutrient digestibility, and the main ruminal characteristics compared with the control diet, therefore no positive effects of increasing dietary fat content from 3.2 to 7.8% with soybean soil on growth performance would be expected. The DM intake was dramatically decreased in response to the levels of WC, as well as the ruminal fermentation characteristics. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/18317-8 - Whole cottonseed in finishing Nelore feedlot cattle diets: performance, meat quality and carcass characteristics, ruminal metabolism and nutrients digestibility
Grantee:Alexandre Vaz Pires
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/14289-0 - Effects of whole cottonseed in finishing Nelore feedlot cattle diets on performance, carcass characteristics, ruminal metabolism and nutrients digestibility.
Grantee:Vinícius Nunes de Gouvêa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate