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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Role of Sialic Acids in the Establishment of Infections by Pathogens, With Special Focus on Leishmania

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Author(s):
Cavalcante, Taina [1] ; Medeiros, Mariana Medina [1] ; Mule, Simon Ngao [2] ; Palmisano, Giuseppe [2] ; Stolf, Beatriz Simonsen [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, Lab Leishmaniasis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, GlycoProte Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY; v. 11, MAY 13 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Carbohydrates or glycans are ubiquitous components of the cell surface which play crucial biological and structural roles. Sialic acids (Sias) are nine-carbon atoms sugars usually present as terminal residues of glycoproteins and glycolipids on the cell surface or secreted. They have important roles in cellular communication and also in infection and survival of pathogens. More than 20 pathogens can synthesize or capture Sias from their hosts and incorporate them into their own glycoconjugates and derivatives. Sialylation of pathogens' glycoconjugates may be crucial for survival inside the host for numerous reasons. The role of Sias in protozoa such as Trypanosoma and Leishmania was demonstrated in previous studies. This review highlights the importance of Sias in several pathogenic infections, focusing on Leishmania. We describe in detail the contributions of Sias, Siglecs (sialic acid binding Ig-like lectins) and Neuraminidase 1 (NEU 1) in the course of Leishmania infection. A detailed view on the structural and functional diversity of Leishmania-related Sias and host-cell receptors will be provided, as well as the results of functional studies performed with different Leishmania species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/15549-1 - Post-translational modifications in Chagas Disease biological processes and diagnostics: novel methodological approaches and biological applications
Grantee:Giuseppe Palmisano
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2
FAPESP's process: 18/18257-1 - Multi-user equipment approved in grant 14/06863-3: HPLC system configured for analysis of carbohydrates, amino acidis, peptides and glycoproteins
Grantee:Giuseppe Palmisano
Support type: Multi-user Equipment Program
FAPESP's process: 18/14972-8 - Role of sCD100 in in vitro and in vivo infection by different species of Leishmania
Grantee:Beatriz Simonsen Stolf
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/04032-5 - Dissecting the pathogenesis of Chagas Disease by deep glycomics and glycoproteomics approaches
Grantee:Simon Ngao Mule
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate