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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Defining Whole Grain Sorghum Flour and Water Levels to Improve Sensory and Nutritional Quality of Gluten-Free Bread-A Factorial Design Approach

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Author(s):
Centeno, Ana Carolina L. [1] ; Aguiar, Etiene [1] ; Santos, Fernanda [1] ; Queiroz, Valeria [2] ; Conti-Silva, Ana [3] ; Krupa-Kozak, Urszula [4] ; Capriles, Vanessa [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Inst Hlth & Soc, Dept Biosci, Lab Food Technol & Nutr, Campus Baixada Santista, BR-11015020 Santos, SP - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Agr Res Corp Embrapa Milho & Sorgo, BR-35701970 Sete Lagoas - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Biosci, Dept Food Engn & Technol Humanities & Exact Sci I, Campus Sao Jose do Rio Preto, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[4] Polish Acad Sci, Inst Anim Reprod & Food Res, Dept Chem & Biodynam Food, PL-10748 Olsztyn - Poland
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL; v. 11, n. 17 SEP 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This study aims to investigate the potential of white and bronze whole-grain sorghum flour to develop gluten-free bread (GFB) with acceptable sensory properties. Two 2(2) factorial designs, with two central point repetitions each, were used to study the effects of white (WS) or bronze sorghum (BS) flours and water (W) levels on the physical properties, acceptability scores, and proximate composition of GFB. The WS or BS levels ranged from 50 to 100% when blended with potato starch, and the W levels ranged from 100 to 140% (flour weight basis). Independent of the amount applied, GFB formulations containing BS were well accepted (acceptability scores for appearance, color, odor, texture, flavor and overall liking >= 6.29 on a 10 cm hybrid hedonic scale). No significant differences were observed between the acceptability scores of single and composite formulations for all of the evaluated sensory attributes. Moreover, the W levels had no effect on the acceptability of GFB made with BS. Composite formulations prepared with 50 and 75% WS were also well accepted (acceptability scores for appearance, color, odor, texture, flavor, and overall liking >= 7.43 on a 10 cm hybrid hedonic scale). However, increased W levels are required in single formulations to increase the scores for texture and overall acceptability. GFB made with 50% and 75% WS/BS can be classified as a source of fiber since the fiber content is higher than 3 g per 100 g, while GFB made with 100% WS/BS can be classified as high in fiber, as the content of this component is higher than 6 g per 100 g. This research highlights the great potential of whole-grain sorghum flours for producing nutrient-dense and acceptable GFB, which is important for consumers who choose or must adhere to a GF diet. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/17838-4 - Applications of experimental design techniques and response surface methodology to optimize the technological, nutritional and sensory properties of gluten-free bread formulations
Grantee:Vanessa Dias Capriles
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/15359-0 - Effect of culinary and industrial sorghum processing: assessing the potential as human food
Grantee:Etiene Valéria de Aguiar
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate