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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Support method for interpretation of regional groundwater monitoring in urban areas

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Fabio Pileggi [1] ; Ricardo Hirata [2] ; Nataly Aranda [3] ; Bruno Conicelli
Total Authors: 4
[1] Universidade de São Paulo. Centro de Pesquisas de Águas Subterrâneas - Brasil
[2] Universidade de São Paulo. Centro de Pesquisas de Águas Subterrâneas - Brasil
[3] Universidad Regional Amazonica Ikiam. Parroquia Muyuna - Equador
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY; v. 51, n. 2 2021-05-10.

Abstract Urban centers radically alter hydrological cycles, causing unintended consequences for the environment, such as the creation of extensive contamination plumes in unconfined aquifers. The Environmental Agency of the State of São Paulo has observed this issue since 1994. Therefore, this study aimed to create a method using nitrate as an indicator of contamination that permits an assertive interpretation of changes in the groundwater quality in monitoring wells of regional networks. The method was applied in ten cities with monitoring wells in the Bauru Aquifer System. The results correlated the presence of nitrate with the time and dynamics of land use in the capture zones of the wells over 54 years (1962-2016). In areas with sewer networks installed before 2001 and urban occupation greater than 60% of urban occupation in the capture zones, there was an increase in nitrate concentration of at least 35%. Likewise, extending this new method to other wells will make it possible to identify the causes of nitrate and other contaminants in the groundwater-monitoring network in the State of São Paulo. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/05697-2 - Groundwater management in Recife: aligning the private and public uses in a perspective of global climate change
Grantee:Ricardo César Aoki Hirata
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research