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Groundwater management in Recife: aligning the private and public uses in a perspective of global climate change

Grant number: 14/05697-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): August 23, 2014
Effective date (End): February 22, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Geology
Principal Investigator:Ricardo César Aoki Hirata
Grantee:Ricardo César Aoki Hirata
Host Investigator: Cathryn Ryan
Host Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IGC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Calgary, Canada  


Management of groundwater is at an incipient stage in Brazil. Limitations are still greater in urban areas, where the location of many wells is not known and the problems, when detected, are related to several activities and users. Legislation on existent water resources does not comprehend the characteristics of groundwater. Thus, as in other metropolitan areas, Recife is inserted in a context of water resources shortage and serious environmental issues. This region contains the greatest well density in the country, with 13 thousand boreholes, most of them being illegal. The non-planed exploitation has brought about an excessive aquifer drawdown besides salinization, which causes the reduction of water safety in the city. In this way, this project aims mainly at the determination of theoretical and technical basis for proposing a groundwater management program, which will take into account the possible scenarios originated from climatic global changes, and by using social communication, including the participation of private users. This proposal is part of the Coqueiral Project (FAPESP Temático Proc. 2011/50553-0), of which I am the coordinator, and its main objective is the understanding of the hydrogeology of the area, as well as the relationships between society, government institutions and water users. The proposed stay in the University of Calgary will allow the analysis of the obtained results and also their integration. A key activity of the stay will be the comparison of the experiences in Canada and Latin America, from which, and along with the analysis and integration of the Coqueiral project results, a program of groundwater management will be proposed. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CONICELLI, BRUNO; HIRATA, RICARDO; GALVAO, PAULO; BERNARDINO, MARIANA; SIMONATO, MATEUS; ABREU, MARCIO COSTA; ARANDA, NATALY; TERADA, RAFAEL. Determining groundwater availability and aquifer recharge using GIS in a highly urbanized watershed. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 106, . (14/05697-2)
FABIO PILEGGI; RICARDO HIRATA; NATALY ARANDA; BRUNO CONICELLI. Support method for interpretation of regional groundwater monitoring in urban areas. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, v. 51, n. 2, . (14/05697-2)
HIRATA, RICARDO; KIRCHHEIM, ROBERTO EDUARDO; MANGANELLI, ALBERTO. Diplomatic Advances and Setbacks of the Guarani Aquifer System in South America. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY, v. 114, p. 384-393, . (14/05697-2)

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