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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Modulation of Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition after AGTR-1 Gene Edition by Crispr/Cas9 and Losartan Treatment in Mammary Tumor Cell Line: A Comparative Study between Human and Canine Species

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Author(s):
Moschetta-Pinheiro, Marina Gobbe [1, 2] ; Colombo, Jucimara [3] ; de Godoy, Bianca Lara Venancio [1, 3] ; Balan, Julia Ferreira [3] ; Nascimento, Bianca Carlos [3] ; Zuccari, Debora Aparecida Pires de Campos [3, 4]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Fac Med Sao Jose Rio Preto FAMERP, PostGrad Program Hlth Sci, Ave Brigadeiro Faria Lima 5416, BR-15090000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Paulista UNIP, Dept Hlth Sci, Ave Juscelino K de Oliveira S-N, BR-15090000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[3] Fac Med Sao Jose Do Rio Preto FAMERP, Lab Invest Mol Canc LIMC, Ave Brigadeiro Faria Lima 5416, BR-15090000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[4] Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas UNESP I, PostGrad Program Genet, Rua Cristovao Colombo 2265, BR-15090000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: LIFE-BASEL; v. 11, n. 12 DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Breast cancer is the most prevalent tumor type among women and female dogs. Tumor malignancy is characterized by the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) which leads to the metastasis formation. The inhibition of angiotensin II type I receptor (AGTR1) by an antagonist such as losartan can suppress angiogenesis, consequently contributing to the metastasis control. The aim of this study was to analyze the capacity of losartan and AGTR-1 gene edition to modulate the EMT process in triple negative/metastatic mammary tumor cells, compared to existing treatment protocols such as carboplatin. The cell lines CF41.Mg and MDA-MB-468, were cultured and treated with carboplatin, losartan, or submitted to AGTR-1 gene edition by CRISPR/Cas9. EMT markers and PARP-1 protein and gene expression were evaluated by immunofluorescence or immunocytochemistry and qRT-PCR, respectively. Cell migration capacity was also evaluated. For CF41.Mg and MDA-MB-468 cell lines, there was an increase in E-cadherin and a decrease in N-cadherin and PARP-1 protein and gene expression after treatment with carboplatin, losartan, both in combination and after AGTR-1 gene edition. There was a decrease in VEGF and PARP-1 protein and gene expression after AGTR-1 gene edition. Moreover, in both lines, reduction in invasion rate was observed after all treatments. Our data suggest that losartan and the gene edition of AGTR-1 by CRISPR/Cas9 were able to block the DNA repair and control the EMT process, such as carboplatin. The results in the canine species are unprecedented, as there are no data in the literature that demonstrate the action of losartan in this tumor type. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/15006-5 - Tumor biomarkers in liquid biopsy: study of resistance mechanisms to block DNA repair: a comparative analysis
Grantee:Debora Aparecida Pires de Campos Zuccari
Support type: Regular Research Grants