Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Culturable endophytic filamentous fungi from leaves of transgenic imidazolinone-tolerant sugarcane and its non-transgenic isolines

Full text
Stuart, Rodrigo Makowiecky [1] ; Romao, Aline Silva [1] ; Pizzirani-Kleiner, Aline Aparecida [1] ; Azevedo, Joao Lucio [1] ; Araujo, Welington Luiz [2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Genet, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Lab Mol Biol & Microbial Ecol, NIB, BR-08780911 Mogi Das Cruzes, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Archives of Microbiology; v. 192, n. 4, p. 307-313, APR 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 22

The diversity of endophytic filamentous fungi from leaves of transgenic imidazolinone-tolerant sugarcane plants and its isoline was evaluated by cultivation followed by amplified rDNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) of randomly selected strains. Transgenic and non-transgenic cultivars and their crop management (herbicide application or manual weed control) were used to assess the possible non-target effects of genetically modified sugarcane on the fungal endophytic community. A total of 14 ARDRA haplotypes were identified in the endophytic community of sugarcane. Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing revealed a rich community represented by 12 different families from the Ascomycota phylum. Some isolates had a high sequence similarity with genera that are common endophytes in tropical climates, such as Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Fusarium, Guignardia, Pestalotiopsis and Xylaria. Analysis of molecular variance indicated that fluctuations in fungal population were related to both transgenic plants and herbicide application. While herbicide applications quickly induced transient changes in the fungal community, transgenic plants induced slower changes that were maintained over time. These results represent the first draft on composition of endophytic filamentous fungi associated with sugarcane plants. They are an important step in understanding the possible effects of transgenic plants and their crop management on the fungal endophytic community. (AU)