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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Salivary Cortisol, Alpha-Amylase and Heart Rate Variation in Response to Dental Treatment in Children

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Author(s):
Furlan, N. F. ; Gaviao, M. B. D. [1] ; Barbosa, T. S. [1] ; Nicolau, J. [2] ; Castelo, P. M. [3]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Pediat Dent, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent, Oral Biol Res Ctr, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biol Sci, Diadema, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry; v. 37, n. 1, p. 83-87, FAL 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 16
Abstract

Objective. Anxiety and stress are usually related to the dental treatment situation. The objective was to investigate salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase levels (salivary biomarkers) and heart rate in children undergoing a minor dental procedure (dental prophylaxis). Study design. In total, 31 children (range 84-95 months) of both genders without caries or history of dental treatment/pain/trauma were selected. Three saliva samples were gathered: one prior to dental prophylaxis, one immediately after, and one ten minutes later Weight and height were assessed, and heart rate was evaluated prior to and during the procedure. Data were analyzed by correlation tests and t-test/Wikoxon (alpha=0.05). Results. Higher cortisol and amylase levels were observed before prophylaxis compared to afterward. Cortisol and amylase levels did not show a significant correlation, nor did salivary biomarkers and body mass index. However, heart rate and amylase levels showed a significant positive correlation. Conclusions. In the studied sample, certain anticipation of the dental treatment was observed because higher cortisol and amylase levels were observed before, rather than after, the event; moreover, a significant correlation between amylase levels and heart rate was observed. Thus, salivary biomarkers may be a valuable tool for evaluating anxiety-producing events, such as dental treatment, in children. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/05103-4 - Salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase responses and heart rate variation to dental treatment in children: a pilot study
Grantee:Natalia Fontanello Furlan
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 07/05760-2 - Quality of life evaluation, salivary cortisol and amylase levels and electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles: associations with parafunctional and sucking nutritive habits in children
Grantee:Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 06/06338-0 - Quality of life evaluation, salivary cortisol and amylase levels and electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles and their associations with parafunctional and nutritive habits in children
Grantee:Paula Midori Castelo Ferrua
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate