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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Global sampling reveals low genetic diversity within Compsopogon (Compsopogonales, Rhodophyta)

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Necchi, Jr., Orlando [1] ; Garcia Fo, Auro Silva [1] ; Salomaki, Eric D. [2] ; West, John A. [3] ; Aboal, Marina [4] ; Vis, Morgan L. [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Zool & Bot Dept, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Ohio Univ, Dept Environm & Plant Biol, Athens, OH 45701 - USA
[3] Univ Melbourne, Sch Bot, Parkville, Vic 3010 - Australia
[4] Univ Murcia, Fac Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, Lab Algol, E-30100 Murcia - Spain
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: European Journal of Phycology; v. 48, n. 2, p. 152-162, MAY 1 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 14

Twenty-five specimens of the freshwater red alga Compsopogon were collected from locations in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Australasia and Oceania, and from an aquarium, with the goal of determining genetic diversity among specimens and ascertaining the number of phylogenetic species. Specimens were morphologically identified as having either the caeruleus' morphology, with regular polyhedral cortical cells, or the leptoclados' morphology, with irregular cortical cells with rhizoidal outgrowths. The leptoclados' morphology has been used by some researchers to distinguish the genus Compsopogonopsis from Compsopogon, or at least to distinguish C. leptoclados from other Compsopogon species. Sequence data for the rbcL gene and cox1 barcoding region were obtained for most specimens. In addition, SSU and partial LSU (barcode) rDNA were explored for a few specimens, but all sequences were identical. For the 25 newly generated and eight previously published rbcL gene data, there were seven unique haplotypes, but the sequence divergence was very low (7 bp,0.7%). One haplotype was widespread, represented by 21 specimens from diverse locations in all regions sampled. Likewise, the 22 new and one previously published cox1 barcode region sequences yielded seven unique haplotypes with little sequence divergence (13 bp,2.0%). One haplotype was widespread, being shared among 16 specimens from all regions. The combined molecular and morphological data showed no genetic differentiation between the caeruleus' and leptoclados' morphologies. The ubiquitous distribution of Compsopogon in tropical/subtropical regions and its low genetic variation are probably facilitated by the alga's ability to tolerate a wide range of stream conditions and its propagation via asexual spores. Given the findings of previous culture-based studies, morphometric research and field observations, coupled with the results of our study, we conclude there is only a single monospecific genus worldwide and that the species is correctly called C. caeruleus, since this is the oldest validly published name; all other previously described species of Compsopogon and Compsopogonopsis are synonyms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/00708-5 - Systematics of the genus Batrachospermum (Rhodophyta, Batrachospermales) in Brazil based on morphological and molecular data
Grantee:Orlando Necchi Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 07/51270-7 - Diversity of red macroalgae (Rhodophyta) of São Paulo State, Brazil, based on barcoding, morphology and geographic distribution (RHODO-SP)
Grantee:Mariana Cabral de Oliveira
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants