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An analysis method based on precedents to support public school design in the State od São Paulo

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Paula Roberta Pizarro Pereira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Civil
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sheila Walbe Ornstein; Giselle Arteiro Nielsen Azevedo; Vanessa Gomes da Silva; Francisco Borges Filho
Advisor: Doris Catharine Cornelie Knatz Kowaltowski

School building designs in the State of São Paulo are managed by the Foundation for Educational Development (Fundação para o Desenvolvimento da Educação - FDE). Studies on the FDE design process show that this Foundation adopts a linear process with few evaluation phases. The process is based on catalogues and manuals which are detailed and well organized, but used within a rigid design process. Professionals working for this Foundation need support during the design process, especially to stimulate reflection on the various aspects of school design and its repertoire to verify design proposals still under development. The main goal of this study is to propose a method to support the design process of FDE's school buildings. The hypothesis states that through knowledge acquired on the morphology of evaluation methods and analysis of exemplary designs presented in the literature it is possible to develop a method that is compatible with the context of FDE and also to the specific needs highlighted by the architects working for FDE. A survey was conducted and three methods were selected: DQI for Schools (Design Quality Indicator), "Metodologia de avaliação de conforto ambiental de projetos escolares - otimização multicritério" and the method "Comparative Floorplan-Analyses" (CFA). The results of the analysis of these three methods indicated those aspects that should be the basis of a design evaluation method for FDE. These were: specific requirements for school architecture, the representation of results for isolated attributes and the decomposition of design solutions. The latter supported by the analysis of precedents found in the literature on school architecture. The method developed for FDE is composed of a structure of concepts to define the sample, a framework for the analysis of designs and procedures that examine the occurrence of relationships between functional requirements and solutions or proposals. 34 designs, both of FDE and exemplary school projects, were analyzed to determine the presence of these concepts for solutions. This analysis showed that the method is an efficient instrument for decision making during a school design process, which is seen as having a potential to be transformed, through future studies, into a database for school design (AU)