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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Antiproliferative activity of Solanum lycocarpum alkaloidic extract and their constituents, solamargine and solasonine, in tumor cell lines

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Author(s):
Munari, Carla Carolina [1] ; de Oliveira, Pollyanna Francielli [1] ; Lima Campos, Jacqueline Costa [1] ; Lima Martins, Sabrina de Paula [1] ; Da Costa, Juliana Carvalho [2] ; Bastos, Jairo Kenupp [2] ; Tavares, Denise Crispim [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Franca, BR-14404600 Franca, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Natural Medicines; v. 68, n. 1, p. 236-241, JAN 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 32
Abstract

Natural products are some of the important sources of new anticancer drugs. The Brazilian flora is considered one of the most diverse in the word, although not many large-scale pharmacological and phytochemical studies have been conducted to date. With this in mind, in the present study we evaluated the antiproliferative activity of Solanum lycocarpum fruit glycoalkaloid extract (SL) and its major compounds, solamargine (SM) and solasonine (SS), against different tumor cell lines: murine melanoma (B16F10), human colon carcinoma (HT29), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa), human hepatocellular liver carcinoma (HepG2) and human glioblastoma (MO59J, U343 and U251). The antiproliferative activity was evaluated using XTT assay and results were expressed as IC50. The most pronounced antiproliferative activity was observed for SM, with IC50 values ranging from 4.58 to 18.23 mu g/mL. The lowest IC50 values were observed against HepG2, being 9.60 mu g/mL for SL, 4.58 mu g/mL for SM and 6.01 mu g/mL for SS. Thus, SL, SM and SS demonstrated antiproliferative activity against the tumor cell lines tested, and were most effective against the HepG2 cell line. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/05732-4 - Study of cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of Solanum lycocarpum and their majoritary compounds and their influence on genotoxicity induced by different mutagens
Grantee:Denise Crispim Tavares Barbosa
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/15871-1 - Evaluation of cytotoxic, antigenotoxic, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activities of Solanum lycocarpum and its majoritary compounds on in vitro and in vivo mammalian cells
Grantee:Carla Carolina Munari
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate