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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Recovery of insulin sensitivity and Slc2a4 mRNA expression depend on T3 hormone during refeeding

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Zanquetta, Melissa Moreira [1] ; Alves-Wagner, Ana Barbara [1] ; Mori, Rosana Cristina [1] ; Campello, Raquel Saldanha [1] ; Machado, Ubiratan Fabres [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, BR-05088900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL; v. 63, n. 3, p. 328-334, MAR 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Objective. GLUT4 protein, encoded by the Slc2a4 gene, plays a key role in muscle glucose uptake, and its expression decreases in muscles under insulin resistance. Slc2a4/GLUT4 decreases with fasting and rapidly increases with refeeding and the same occurs to plasma glucose, amino acids, insulin and T3. Thus, they might be potential regulators of the Slc2a4 gene, which makes them promising targets for strategies to improve GLUT4 expression. Herein, we investigate the role of metabolic-hormonal parameters triggered by refeeding upon the Slc2a4 expression. Materials/Methods. Plasma glucose/insulin/T3, and gastrocnemius Slc2a4 mRNA contents were measured in rats studied at the end of 48-h fasting, and subsequently at: i) 2-4 h after spontaneous refeeding; ii) 2-4 h after T3 injection, without refeeding; and iii) 0.5-2 h after intravenous infusion of insulin, insulin + glucose and insulin + amino acids, without refeeding. Results. Refeeding increased plasma glucose/insulin/T3 and muscle Slc2a4 mRNA, reverting insulin resistance. Post-fasting infusions surprisingly induced a further Slc2a4 mRNA decrease (-20%, P < 0.05 vs. fasting), but T3 injection induced a -2-fold increase in Slc2a4 mRNA, 2-4 h later (P < 0.001). Moreover, T3 increased glycemia and insulinemia to the 2 h-refed rats levels, suggesting that T3 elevation is a key factor to the mechanisms of metabolic balance during refeeding. Conclusions. Refeeding induces a rapid increase in muscle Slc2a4 expression, not associated with increased plasma glucose, insulin or amino acids, but highly correlated to increased plasma T3 concentration. This result points out T3 hormone as a powerful Slc2a4 enhancer, an effect that may be acutely explored in situations of insulin resistance. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/04831-1 - New players in glycemic control and chronic complications of Diabetes mellitus: preventive and therapeutic perspectives
Grantee:Ubiratan Fabres Machado
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants