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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Assessing signatures of selection through variation in linkage disequilibrium between taurine and indicine cattle

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O'Brien, Ana M. Perez [1] ; Utsunomiya, Yuri T. [2] ; Meszaros, Gabor [1, 3] ; Bickhart, Derek M. [4] ; Liu, George E. [4] ; Van Tassell, Curtis P. [4] ; Sonstegard, Tad S. [4] ; Da Silva, Marcos V. B. [5] ; Garcia, Jose Fernando [2] ; Soelkner, Johann [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Vienna - Austria
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Roslin Inst, Edinburgh, Midlothian - Scotland
[4] USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD - USA
[5] Embrapa Dairy Cattle, Juiz De Fora, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 32

Background: Signatures of selection are regions in the genome that have been preferentially increased in frequency and fixed in a population because of their functional importance in specific processes. These regions can be detected because of their lower genetic variability and specific regional linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns. Methods: By comparing the differences in regional LD variation between dairy and beef cattle types, and between indicine and taurine subspecies, we aim at finding signatures of selection for production and adaptation in cattle breeds. The VarLD method was applied to compare the LD variation in the autosomal genome between breeds, including Angus and Brown Swiss, representing taurine breeds, and Nelore and Gir, representing indicine breeds. Genomic regions containing the top 0.01 and 0.1 percentile of signals were characterized using the UMD3.1 Bos taurus genome assembly to identify genes in those regions and compared with previously reported selection signatures and regions with copy number variation. Results: For all comparisons, the top 0.01 and 0.1 percentile included 26 and 165 signals and 17 and 125 genes, respectively, including TECRL, BT.23182 or FPPS, CAST, MYOM1, UVRAG and DNAJA1. Conclusions: The VarLD method is a powerful tool to identify differences in linkage disequilibrium between cattle populations and putative signatures of selection with potential adaptive and productive importance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16643-2 - Genome-Wide Association Study for detection of chromosomal regions related to scrotal circumference in Nellore cattle
Grantee:Yuri Tani Utsunomiya
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 10/52030-2 - Genome wide association study for reproductive traits in zebu bulls (Bos indicus) using high-density SNP chip
Grantee:José Fernando Garcia
Support type: Regular Research Grants