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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Improvement of mood and sleep alterations in posttraumatic stress disorder patients by eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

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Author(s):
Raboni, Mara R. [1] ; Alonso, Fabiana F. D. [2] ; Tufik, Sergio [3] ; Suchecki, Deborah [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psicobiol, Grp Studies Neurobiol Stress & Stress Related Dis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Assoc Fundo Incent Pesquisa, Inst Sono, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psicobiol, Sleep Div, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE; v. 8, JUN 10 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients exhibit depressive and anxiety symptoms, in addition to nightmares, which interfere with sleep continuity. Pharmacologic treatment of these sleep problems improves PTSD symptoms, but very few studies have used psychotherapeutic interventions to treat PTSD and examined their effects on sleep quality. Therefore, in the present study, we sought to investigate the effects of Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing therapy on indices of mood, anxiety, subjective, and objective sleep. The sample was composed of 11 healthy controls and 13 PTSD patients that were victims of assault and/or kidnapping. All participants were assessed before, and 1 day after, the end of treatment for depressive and anxiety profile, general well-being and subjective sleep by filling out specific questionnaires. In addition, objective sleep patterns were evaluated by polysomnographic recording. Healthy volunteers were submitted to the therapy for three weekly sessions, whereas PTSD patients underwent five sessions, on average. Before treatment, PTSD patients exhibited high levels of anxiety and depression, poor quality of life and poor sleep, assessed both subjectively and objectively; the latter was reflected by increased time of waking after sleep onset. After completion of treatment, patients exhibited improvement in depression and anxiety symptoms, and in quality of life; with indices that were no longer different from control volunteers. Moreover, these patients showed more consolidated sleep, with reduction of time spent awake after sleep onset. In conclusion, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing was an effective treatment of PTSD patients and improved the associated sleep and psychological symptoms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/14303-3 - Center for Sleep Studies
Grantee:Sergio Tufik
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC