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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of observing response requirements to sample and comparison stimuli on the establishment of reject control (sample/S- relations)

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Autor(es):
Perez, William F. [1, 2, 3] ; Huziwara, Edson M. [4, 2] ; Rodrigues, Raone M. [4, 2] ; Vilela, Eduardo C. [1, 2] ; Tomanari, Gerson Y. [1, 2] ; Vaidya, Manish [5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Comportamento Cognicao & Ensino INCT EC, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[3] Paradigma Ctr Ciencias Comportamento, Rua Wanderley 611, Sao Paulo 05011001, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ North Texas, Denton, TX - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 114, n. 1 MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The establishment of sample/S- relations (or reject control) during conditional discrimination training (AB, BC) affects transitivity (AC), equivalence (CA) and reflexivity (AA, BB, CC) test outcomes. The present study parametrically evaluated the effects of different observing patterns to comparison stimuli on the establishment of reject control during baseline conditional relation training. A matching-to-sample with observing requirements (MTS-OR) procedure was implemented during AB and BC conditional discrimination training. During training, the participants were required to observe the sample and incorrect comparison on every trial before responding. In addition, the participants were divided into three groups that differed regarding the percentage of training trials on which they were prevented from observing the correct comparison stimuli: 25%, 50%, and 75%. Once the mastery criteria were achieved during training, transitivity (AC), symmetry (BA, CB), equivalence (CA), and reflexivity (AA, BB, CC) tests were conducted with all comparison stimuli visible from the beginning. The results suggest that the number of errors during transitivity, equivalence, and reflexivity tests progressively increased as participants were prevented from observing the correct comparison on a greater number of trials during training. Symmetry test results, however, were not affected by the experimental manipulation. Moreover, the number of participants showing reject-control patterns during tests slightly increased and the number of participants showing select-control patterns decreased as a function of the number of trials on which the participants were prevented from observing the correct comparison. Thus, we suggest that observing patterns during training is a relevant variable that affects equivalence test outcomes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/05935-6 - Transferência de função em classes de equivalência envolvendo expressões faciais de alegria e de medo
Beneficiário:William Ferreira Perez
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/51176-6 - Equivalencia de estimulos e transferencia de funcao: avaliando os efeitos dos controles por selecao e por rejeicao
Beneficiário:William Ferreira Perez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/10037-0 - Transformação de funções emocionais em redes relacionais de comparação avaliada pelo priming semântico e potenciais relacionados a eventos (ERP)
Beneficiário:João Henrique de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado