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Mechanical and microstructural assessment of additive manufacturing parts made up of 18%Ni Maraging 300 steel towards aeronautic application.

Grant number: 17/17697-5
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: November 01, 2018 - January 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Aerospace Engineering
Principal Investigator:Julian Arnaldo Avila Diaz
Grantee:Julian Arnaldo Avila Diaz
Home Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus Experimental São João da Boa Vista. São João da Boa Vista , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:André Luiz Jardini Munhoz ; Guilherme Arthur Longhitano ; João Pedro de Sousa Oliveira ; José Augusto de Oliveira ; Miloslav Beres ; Waldek Wladimir Bose Filho
Associated grant(s):19/00691-0 - Microstructural assessment of additive manufacturing parts towards aeronautic application, AP.R SPRINT

Abstract

The aeronautical industry requires a technological maturity from new fabrication processes intended to become part of the productive process of planes. Additive manufacturing (AM) of parts made in steel could offer several solutions in this industry (e.g. structural parts, fundamental parts in engines and turbines), envisioning of parts redesign or creation prioritizing weight reduction. However, a better understanding between microstructural and mechanical properties of AM parts need to be reached. In addition, the search for materials with environmental sustainability is a strategic pillar of the aeronautical industry. Regarding structural applications, the 18%Ni Maraging 300 (18Ni300M) steel stand out among the commercialized steels, providing high mechanical strength (>2000 MPa) and good fracture toughness (80 MPa m0,5). Parts made of 18Ni300M by AM lost toughness and mainly strain capacity when compared to similar steel fabricated by conventional forging. The causes of this behavior are the heterogeneity of the microstructure and segregations presence. Therefore, this project aims to increase fracture toughness and strain capacity without affecting the standard mechanical strength of standard samples made by AM in the 18Ni300M steel. To achieve this objective, solution, intercritical and aging physical-thermal treatments are going to be performed foreseeing a better understanding of the microstructural evolution in each treatment stage. Thus, new routes of thermal treatments will be proposed. The in-situ tests are going to be performed in a physical simulator with an X-ray diffraction facility from a synchrotron source. The microstructure will be studied using microscopy and mechanical properties will be assessed by tensile and fracture toughness tests. Finally, the environmental impacts of the produced samples will be studied by the life cycle assessment (LCA) technique. (AU)

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre o auxílio:
Heat treatment can improve the properties of steel produced by 3D printing 
Articles published in other media outlets (4 total):
More itemsLess items
Indústria 4.0: Tratamentos térmicos podem melhorar as propriedades de aços feitos por impressão 3D (16/Dec/2019)
Brasil CT&I: Tratamentos térmicos podem melhorar as propriedades de aços feitos por impressão 3D (16/Dec/2019)
Esteta : Tratamentos térmicos podem melhorar as propriedades de aços feitos por impressão 3D (13/Dec/2019)
JC Notícias (São Paulo, SP): Tratamentos térmicos podem melhorar as propriedades de aços feitos por impressão 3D (13/Dec/2019)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CONDE, F. F.; ESCOBAR, J. D.; OLIVEIRA, J. P.; JARDINI, A. L.; BOSE FILHO, W. W.; AVILA, J. A. Austenite reversion kinetics and stability during tempering of an additively manufactured maraging 300 steel. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, v. 29, OCT 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CONDE, F. F.; ESCOBAR, J. D.; OLIVEIRA, J. P.; BERES, M.; JARDINI, A. L.; BOSE, W. W.; AVILA, J. A. Effect of thermal cycling and aging stages on the microstructure and bending strength of a selective laser melted 300-grade maraging steel. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, v. 758, p. 192-201, JUN 5 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.