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Novel high-resolution spatial mapping of health and climate emissions from urban transport in São Paulo megacity (NOTS)

Grant number: 18/10714-4
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: November 01, 2018 - January 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Cooperation agreement: University of Surrey
Principal Investigator:Pedro Jose Perez-Martinez
Grantee:Pedro Jose Perez-Martinez
Principal investigator abroad: Prashant Kumar
Institution abroad: University of Surrey, England
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FEC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Maria de Fátima Andrade ; Regina Maura de Miranda

Abstract

Traffic-related atmospheric emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and toxic air pollutants (APs) are a serious environmental problem that affects climate change and air quality in megacities. About 80% of air pollution in São Paulo comes from vehicles. This project aims to develop a metholodology using a three-dimensional model (TransCAD) for GHG and AP inventories of vehicular emissions and demonstrate its applicability to a megacity (Sao Paulo) as a part of Regional Air Quality and Climate Changes (RAQCM). These high-resolution emission inventories will also allow identifying hot spots of air pollution and poor air quality with a spatial resolution of 0.5km and temporal resolution of 1h. We also aim to develop an approach for the validation of the emission model via low-cost sensors measurements. These sensors will be placed through the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo close to the identified vehicle emission hot spots to continuously measure over one year duration to address a novel question on how the low cost sensors data can be applied for improving the model performance and air quality monitoring. This proposal integrates two approaches: the vehicle emission and air quality modeling and the use of low cost sensors for model validation and develop novel approaches for high-resolution spatial mapping. This work will provide a basis for establishing sound climate change policies in other areas such as public health and urban planning. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CONNERTON, PATRICK; DE ASSUNCAO, JOAO VICENTE; DE MIRANDA, REGINA MAURA; SLOVIC, ANNE DOROTHEE; PEREZ-MARTINEZ, PEDRO JOSE; RIBEIRO, HELENA. Air Quality during COVID-19 in Four Megacities: Lessons and Challenges for Public Health. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 17, n. 14 JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PEREZ-MARTINEZ, P. J.; MIRANDA, R. M.; ANDRADE, M. F. Freight road transport analysis in the metro Sao Paulo: Logistical activities and CO2 emissions. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART A-POLICY AND PRACTICE, v. 137, p. 16-33, JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.