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Influence of authentic leadership in the patient's safety climate in the context of the pandemic of COVID-19

Grant number: 20/07905-2
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: February 01, 2021 - January 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing
Principal Investigator:Andrea Bernardes
Grantee:Andrea Bernardes
Home Institution: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto (EERP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: André Almeida de Moura ; Ariane Cristina Barboza Zanetti ; Carmen Silvia Gabriel ; Fernanda Ludmilla Rossi Rocha ; Greta G. Cummings

Abstract

More flexible, authentic and contemporary leadership styles have contributed to the satisfaction of workers and patients, as well as the reduction of adverse events. Especially in the current situation, in which the world is experiencing the COVID-19 epidemic, authentic leaders are essential, since they have the potential to lead the team towards positive results related to patient safety. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the nurse's leadership and the safety climate of hospitals that serve patients affected by COVID-19.It is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study, to be carried out in six public and private institutions in the Federal District and the State of São Paulo, Brazil, which are a reference for the care of COVID-19. The population will consist of nurses, technicians and nursing assistants who work in the medical clinic and intensive care units of these institutions who will answer the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ), Rater version, and the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). For the analysis of the characterization data of the subjects, descriptive statistics will be used. The numerical variables will be analyzed with the student's t test, for comparisons of means between groups; and categorical variables with the chi-square test, to compare proportions between groups. The relationship between security climate and perceptions of authentic leadership will be assessed through hierarchical regression analysis. The project will be submitted to the Research Ethics Committee of the Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing - USP, in order to comply with the requirements of Resolution 466/2012 of the National Health Council. This study has the potential to generate results that will contribute with practice, enabling changes in future behavior, especially in this context of a pandemic, in which effective leadership is essential to ensure the provision of safe and quality care. (AU)