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Models to estimate amino acids requirements for broilers, laying type pullets and laying hens

Grant number: 08/50557-3
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: October 01, 2008 - March 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry - Animal Nutrition and Feeding
Principal Investigator:Nilva Kazue Sakomura
Grantee:Nilva Kazue Sakomura
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias (FCAV). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Jaboticabal. Jaboticabal , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Euclides Braga Malheiros
Associated scholarship(s):13/07136-5 - Estimation of ideal essential amino acid ratio for poultry by deletion method, BP.DR
11/04859-0 - Models for estimating the digestible threonine requirement for laying hens , BP.MS
11/04313-8 - Estimation of the ideal ratio of essential amino acids for broilers based on age and genetic potential, BP.MS
10/12410-0 - Models to estimate threonine requirements for pullets, BP.DR
10/08972-3 - Models to estimate metionine + cystine and threonine requirements to broilers chickens, BP.DR

Abstract

The aim of this project is to elaborate models to estimate amino acids requirements for broilers, laying type pullets and laying hens, based on factorial method, which consisted on partitioning the requirements into maintenance, growing and/or production. Firstly, the method to determine maintenance amino acid requirement based on nitrogen balance technique will be standardized. After that, six metabolic assays with roosters will be conducted to determine lysine, methionine and threonine maintenance requirements. A serie of 12 dose-response assays with broiler chickens will be conducted to determine the best lysine, methionine and threonine levels and their efficiencies of utilization for body protein deposition in each phase (1 to 7; 8 to 21; 22 to 34 and 35 to 42 days of age). Another serie of 12 dose-response assays will be conducted with laying type birds from I1to 6 weeks, 7 to 12 weeks and 13 to 18 weeks and 24 to 40 weeks to determine the best lysine, methionine and threonine levels based on performance results and efficiencies of amino acid utilization. For each assay, a basal diet will be formulated according to nutritional requirements for each phase, deficient in the amino acid evaluated. The crystalline amino acid will be supplemented in the basal diet in order to get amino acid levels from 70 to 110% of requirements. The efficiencies of amino acid utilization in broilers and laying type pullets will be determined based on linear regression of body protein and amino acid deposition as function of amino acid intake, considering the slope of regression. The best amino acid level will be determined based on polynomial regression, linear response plateau and exponential models. The amino acid requirements for growing and egg production will be calculated considering the protein or amino acid deposition on body or egg and efficiencies of amino acid utilization. The models to estimate amino acid requirements will be elaborated based on maintenance, growing and egg production requirements determined in this study. (AU)

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SILVA, E. P.; LIMA, M. B.; SAKOMURA, N. K.; MORAES, L. E.; PERUZZI, N. J. Weight gain responses of laying-type pullets to methionine plus cystine intake. ANIMAL, v. 14, n. 2, SI, p. S294-S302, AUG 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SARCINELLI, M. F.; SAKOMURA, N. K.; DORIGAM, J. C. P.; SILVA, E. P.; VENTURINI, K. S.; LIMA, M. B.; GONCALVES, C. A. Modelling Japanese quail responses to methionine plus cystine, threonine and tryptophan intake. ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 263, MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DA SILVA, EDNEY PEREIRA; SAKOMURA, NILVA KAZUE; SARCINELLI, MYRIELLE FREIRE; DE PAULA DORIGAM, JULIANO CESAR; VENTURINI, KATIANI SILVA; DE LIMA, MICHELE BERNARDINO. Modeling the response of Japanese quail hens to lysine intake. LIVESTOCK SCIENCE, v. 224, p. 69-74, JUN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SILVA, E. P.; MALHEIROS, E. B.; SAKOMURA, N. K.; VENTURINI, K. S.; HAUSCHILD, L.; DORIGAM, J. C. P.; FERNANDES, J. B. K. Lysine requirements of laying hens. LIVESTOCK SCIENCE, v. 173, p. 69-77, MAR 2015. Web of Science Citations: 9.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.