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Combustion of tropical forest biomass

Grant number: 08/04490-4
Support Opportunities:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: April 01, 2009 - March 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Mechanical Engineering - Transport Phenomena
Principal Investigator:João Andrade de Carvalho Junior
Grantee:João Andrade de Carvalho Junior
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEG). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Guaratinguetá. Guaratinguetá , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers: Ana Luiza Muccillo Baisch ; Antônio César Pinho Brasil Junior ; Carlos Alberto Gurgel Veras ; Ely Vieira Cortez ; Falberni de Souza Costa ; Guenther Carlos Krieger Filho ; Josimar Batista Ferreira ; Karen Adami Rodrigues ; Karla Maria Longo de Freitas ; Luiz Fernando Costa Nascimento ; Marcus Vinicius de Athaydes Liesenfeld ; Maria Angélica Martins Costa ; Maria Cristina Flores Soares ; Maria Cristina Forti ; Paulo Sergio Bernarde ; Reginaldo Assêncio Machado ; Rodrigo Otávio Peréa Serrano ; Saulo Ribeiro de Freitas ; Turibio Gomes Soares Neto
Associated grant(s):12/12039-6 - CHISA 2012 - 20th International Congress of Chemical and Processing Engineering/and the 15th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction PRES 2012, AR.EXT
11/12057-1 - Obtainment of Parameters for Evaluation of the Numerical Model Developed for Plume Rise by CPTEC/INPE, AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):13/21231-0 - Conditions that enhance the spread of forest fires and the emission of gaseous pollutants to atmosphere, BP.DR
11/20679-2 - Prediction of propagation of surface fires in rain forests using porous media model, BE.PQ


Primary forests are still predominant in the Brazilian Amazon region. However, the deforestation rates and their consequent impacts are a continuous source of world preoccupation. The practice of vegetation felling and burning for cattle rising is among the most significant causes of tropical forest deterioration. As consequence of burning, there exists a tendency for forest resources losses and impoverishment of the genetic patrimony and of the natural ecosystems. Another negative contribution of this practice is the emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG), which increases global heating and climate changes. This thematic project is based on the hypothesis that the practice of vegetation felling and burning in the Amazon forest causes severe environment impacts, because it increases the emission rates of GHG and also produces adverse reactions in the soil and in the ecosystem. The main objective of this thematic project is to congregate a multi-disciplinary team to investigate parameters relative to biomass combustion in the Amazon region and its emissions. In order to achieve the main objective, the research activities will be conducted in 2009 and 2011 in the town of Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre, and, in 2010, in the Caiabi Farm, in the town of Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso. The first theme is the "Monitoring of Carbon Stock and Green House Gases in Systems for Soil Utilization, with and without Combustion of Forest Biomass in the Brazilian Amazon Region". The second theme is the "Determination of Indexes that Quantify Inhalable Particulate Material Emitted by the Burning of Amazon Biomass". The third theme is "Determination of Emission Factors and Combustion Efficiency through Gas Sampling in the Field and in Laboratory". The fourth specific theme is the "Obtainment of Parameters that Characterize Surface Fire Propagation in the Amazon Region Tropical Forest". The research will be developed in the field and in laboratory. The "Obtainment of Parameters for Evaluation of the Numerical Model Developed for Plume Rise by the CPTEC/INPE" is the fifth specific theme of this project. The sixth theme is "Natural Regeneration in Natural Areas and Secondary Succession in Burned Areas in the Occidental Amazon Region". The activities will be developed only in Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre. This theme will count on prior experience on similar research conducted in the Caiabi Farm. The next three are themes correlated to the main thematic of this project, and they will take advantage of the infrastructure to be implanted. The seventh theme is the "Study of Biomass Burning Effects on Soil Fungi Biodiversity in the Amazon Region". This research will be conducted only in Cruzeiro do Sul. The "Evaluation of Fire Effects on the Fauna of Amphibians in a Natural Environment in the Town of Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre" is the eighth specific theme of the thematic project. The ninth theme is the "Validation of the Utilization of Sentinel Units, by the VIGIAR Program, as a Form of Data Capture Relative to Health Effects by the Alteration of the Air Quality in Regions of Biomass Burning". In order to attain all the objectives of this multidisciplinary research, several researchers with distinct specialties were congregated from several Brazilian institutions: UNESP, INPE, USP, UFAC, UnB, UNITAU, and Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande. Additionally, there will be collaboration from the following foreign institutions: University of Washington and United States Forest Service. (AU)

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Scientific publications (16)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
COSTA, M. A. M.; CARVALHO, JR., J. A.; SOARES NETO, T. G.; ANSELMO, E.; LIMA, B. A.; KURA, L. T. U.; SANTOS, J. C.. Real-time sampling of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 mu m from Amazon forest biomass combustion. Atmospheric Environment, v. 54, p. 480-489, . (08/04490-4)
FOSTIER, ANNE HELENE; MELENDEZ-PEREZ, JOSE JAVIER; RICHTER, LARISSA. Litter mercury deposition in the Amazonian rainforest. Environmental Pollution, v. 206, p. 605-610, . (08/04490-4, 10/19040-4, 14/00555-5)
AMARAL, SIMONE SIMOES; DE CARVALHO, JR., JOAO ANDRADE; MARTINS COSTA, MARIA ANGELICA; PINHEIRO, CLEVERSON. An Overview of Particulate Matter Measurement Instruments. ATMOSPHERE, v. 6, n. 9, p. 1327-1345, . (08/04490-4, 13/21231-0)
CARVALHO, JR., J. A.; AMARAL, S. S.; COSTA, M. A. M.; SOARES NETO, T. G.; VERAS, C. A. G.; COSTA, F. S.; VAN LEEUWEN, T. T.; KRIEGER FILHO, G. C.; TOURIGNY, E.; FORTI, M. C.; et al. CO2 and CO emission rates from three forest fire controlled experiments in Western Amazonia. Atmospheric Environment, v. 135, p. 73-83, . (08/04490-4, 13/21231-0)
NASCIMENTO, LUIZ FERNANDO C.; PENELUPPI DE MEDEIROS, ANDREA PAULA. Admissions due to pneumonia and biomass burning: a spatial approach. Jornal de Pediatria, v. 88, n. 2, p. 177-183, . (08/04490-4)
AMARAL, SIMONE SIMOES; DE CARVALHO, JR., JOAO ANDRADE; MARTINS COSTA, MARIA ANGELICA; PINHEIRO, CLEVERSON. Particulate Matter Emission Factors for Biomass Combustion. ATMOSPHERE, v. 7, n. 11, . (08/04490-4, 13/21231-0)
BUFACCHI, PAULO; SANTOS, JOSE CARLOS; DE CARVALHO JR, JOAO ANDRADE; KRIEGER FILHO, GUENTHER CARLOS. Estimation of the surface area-to-volume ratios of litter components of the Brazilian rainforest and their impact on litter fire rate of spread and flammability. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, v. 42, n. 5, . (11/20679-2, 08/04490-4)
COSTA, MARIA ANGELICA M.; AMARAL, SIMONE S.; SOARES NETO, TURIBIO G.; CARDOSO, ARNALDO A.; SANTOS, JOSE CARLOS; SOUZA, MICHELE L.; CARVALHO JR, JOAO A.. Forest Fires in the Brazilian Amazon and their Effects on Particulate Matter Concentration, Size Distribution, and Chemical Composition. COMBUSTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, . (08/04490-4)
MELENDEZ-PEREZ, JOSE J.; FOSTIER, ANNE H.; CARVALHO, JR., JOAO A.; WINDMOELLER, CLAUDIA C.; SANTOS, JOSE C.; CARPI, ANTHONY. Soil and biomass mercury emissions during a prescribed fire in the Amazonian rain forest. Atmospheric Environment, v. 96, p. 415-422, . (10/19040-4, 08/04490-4)
BUFACCHI, PAULO; KRIEGER, GUENTHER C.; MELL, WILLIAM; ALVARADO, ERNESTO; SANTOS, JOSE CARLOS; CARVALHO, JR., JOAO ANDRADE. Numerical simulation of surface forest fire in Brazilian Amazon. FIRE SAFETY JOURNAL, v. 79, p. 44-56, . (08/04490-4, 11/20679-2)
AMARAL, SIMONE SIMOES; DE CARVALHO JUNIOR, JOAO ANDRADE; MARTINS COSTA, MARIA ANGELICA; SOARES NETO, TURIBIO GOMES; DELLANI, RAFAEL; SCAVACINI LEITE, LUIZ HENRIQUE. Comparative study for hardwood and softwood forest biomass: Chemical characterization, combustion phases and gas and particulate matter emissions. Bioresource Technology, v. 164, p. 55-63, . (08/04490-4)
LEAL, OTAVIO A.; DICK, DEBORAH P.; COSTA, FALBERNI S.; KNICKER, HEIKE; DE CARVALHO JUNIOR, JODO A.; SANTOS, JOSE C.. Carbon in Physical Fractions and Organic Matter Chemical Composition of an Acrisol after Amazon Forest Burning and Conversion into Pasture. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, v. 30, n. 2, p. 413-424, . (08/04490-4)
KRIEGER FILHO, GUENTHER CARLOS; BUFACCHI, PAULO; SANTOS, JOSE CARLOS; GURGEL VERAS, CARLOS ALBERTO; ALVARADO, ERNESTO C.; MELL, WILLIAM; CARVALHO, JR., JOAO ANDRADE. Probability of surface fire spread in Brazilian rainforest fuels from outdoor experimental measurements. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH, v. 136, n. 2, p. 217-232, . (11/20679-2, 08/04490-4)
AMORIM, E. B.; CARVALHO, JR., J. A.; SOARES NETO, T. G.; ANSELMO, E.; SAITO, V. O.; DIAS, F. F.; SANTOS, J. C.. Influence of specimen size, tray inclination and air flow rate on the emission of gases from biomass combustion. Atmospheric Environment, v. 74, p. 52-59, . (08/04490-4, 02/08964-4)
SOARES NETO, T. G.; CARVALHO, JR., J. A.; CORTEZ, E. V.; AZEVEDO, R. G.; OLIVEIRA, R. A.; FIDALGO, W. R. R.; SANTOS, J. C.. Laboratory evaluation of Amazon forest biomass burning emissions. Atmospheric Environment, v. 45, n. 39, p. 7455-7461, . (08/04490-4, 02/08964-4)
FRANCA, DANIELA DE AZEREDO; LONGO, KARLA MARIA; SOARES NETO, TURIBIO GOMES; SANTOS, JOSE CARLOS; FREITAS, SAULO R.; RUDORFF, BERNARDO F. T.; CORTEZ, ELY VIEIRA; ANSELMO, EDSON; CARVALHO, JR., JOAO ANDRADE. Pre-Harvest Sugarcane Burning: Determination of Emission Factors through Laboratory Measurements. ATMOSPHERE, v. 3, n. 1, p. 164-180, . (08/04490-4, 08/56252-0, 02/08964-4)

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