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ECOFOR: Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in degraded and recovering Amazonian and Atlantic Forests

Grant number: 12/51872-5
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2013 - April 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Cooperation agreement: NERC, UKRI
Principal Investigator:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Grantee:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Principal investigator abroad: Jos Barlow
Institution abroad: Lancaster University, England
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Helber Custódio de Freitas ; Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha ; Jorge Yoshio Tamashiro ; Luís Carlos Bernacci ; Marco Antonio de Assis ; Marcos Pereira Marinho Aidar ; Simone Aparecida Vieira ; Tomas Ferreira Domingues
Associated grant(s):14/50453-4 - Incorporating phylogeny into a new integrated dataset of South American tropical tree trait characteristics, AP.BTA.R
Associated scholarship(s):16/03880-0 - Leaf venation in tree species along a human-disturbance gradient of Atlantic Forest, SP, BP.DR
14/26160-7 - Functional traits associated with drought tolerance in a disturbance gradient of Atlantic Forest, BP.MS
14/13322-9 - Ecophysiology of Atlantic Forests: a new process-based model, BP.PD
14/07851-9 - The use of landscape ecology tools in a transect section across the Paraiba do Sul Valley, from Serra do Mar to Serra da Mantiqueira, identifying forest fragments along a gradient of human modifications, BP.PD
14/01101-8 - ECOFOR: biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in degraded and recovering areas in the Amazon and Atlantic Forests, BP.PD

Abstract

Tropical Forests hold half of the total stock of carbon in the world's vegetation and produce 34% of the total gross primary productivity in terrestrial systems across the planet, which represents the largest contribution to Earths' productivity from a single biome and is more than four times the contribution from boreal and temperate forests combined. At the same time, tropical forests support staggering levels of biodiversity, and are notable hotspots for almost all terrestrial plant and animal groups. They are also highly threatened by human activities with deforestation rates reaching 8 - 10 Million hectares yr-1 from 2000-2010. The remaining forests have already been degraded by over-exploitation of timber and non¬-timber resources, patch isolation and edge-effects, fire and climate change. Yet we still have a limited understanding of how these forests are functioning, whether they are providing critical ecosystem services, and the prospects for long-term biodiversity persistence. Five areas of scientific research are urgently needing to address these knowledge gaps and help inform appropriate management of these ecosystems: i) Impacts on ecosystem functioning, especially cycling of organic matter and nutrients and relationships between biophysical processes, soil, biodiversity and climate; li) Linking ecosystem functioning and biological traits, where Trait-based approaches will provide insights into the stability and resilience of degraded and regenerating forests; iii) Understanding the generality of ecosystem responses: Can insights into ecosystem functioning derived from one region accurately predict responses in tropical forests in other continents?; iv) Understanding the consequences of human-modification across the whole landscapes and multi spatial scales; and v) Closing the science-policy gap. This project aims to deliver a step-change in our understanding of the consequences of forest degradation and regeneration for biodiversity and associated ecological processes and services in Amazon and Atlantic Forests. We will: 1) establish the first intensive network of long-term monitoring sites along a gradient from intact to severely altered forests in the Brazilian Amazon, and significantly enhance the existing network of modified and intact sites in the Atlantic Forest; 2) complement these intensive-sites with a network of extensive study plots across multiple river catchments in the Amazon and the Atlantic Forest, enabling us to answer questions about changes in biodiversity, functional traits and carbon stocks at the landscape level; and 3) develop an integrated research framework that links the data and process understanding from both intensive and extensive observations of human-modified gradients to multi-scale ecosystem models. The project will be focusing on four types of forest along a disturbance gradient, considering the two predominant degradation processes, selective logging and fires. The Intensive study will be performed in two plots set: Biota program plots in the Serra do Mar State Park, South-eastern Brazilian Atlantic Forest; and Santarém-Belterra region, Amazonian Forest. Within the Amazon forest, we will also make use of two existing permanent plots set in degraded forests to test the generality of our findings in the Santarem region, Acre and Paragominas. The expected results will contribute to the development of meaningful hypotheses about the functional consequences of changes in plant and bird communities, used here as biodiversity surrogates, following human-modification of tropical forests. The project will leave an important legacy, both in knowledge and infrastructure, which will continue to allow improvements in our understanding of HMTFs beyond the end of project, since the studied plots will be converted into long-term monitoring sites across the Amazon and Atlantic Forest. Within this specific call for proposals data and results will also be compared with those of the SAFE Project in Malaysia. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
Selective logging and burning cause the loss of 54 million tons of carbon a year in the Amazon rainforest 
Project assesses the impact of human occupation in tropical forests  
Articles published in other Midia (16 total):
More itemsLess items
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
African forest elephant helps increase biomass and carbon storage 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a manter estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a manter estoque de carbono na floresta 
Elefante africano ajuda a aumentar estoque de carbono na floresta 

Scientific publications (10)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ORME, C. DAVID L.; MAYOR, SARAH; DOS ANJOS, LUIZ; DEVELEY, PEDRO F.; HATFIELD, JACK H.; MORANTE-FILHO, JOSE CARLOS; TYLIANAKIS, JASON M.; UEZU, ALEXANDRE; BANKS-LEITE, CRISTINA. Distance to range edge determines sensitivity to deforestation. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION, v. 3, n. 6, p. 886-891, JUN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
ANTUNES, C.; SILVA, C.; MAGUAS, C.; JOLY, C. A.; VIEIRA, S. Seasonal changes in water sources used by woody species in a tropical coastal dune forest. PLANT AND SOIL, v. 437, n. 1-2, p. 41-54, APR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
FAUSET, SOPHIE; OLIVEIRA, LAUANA; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS S.; FOYER, CHRISTINE H.; GALBRAITH, DAVID; TIWARI, RAKESH; GLOOR, MANUEL. Contrasting responses of stomatal conductance and photosynthetic capacity to warming and elevated CO2 in the tropical tree species Alchomea glandulosa under heatwave conditions. ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY, v. 158, p. 28-39, FEB 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
PADGURSCHI, MAIRA C. G.; VIEIRA, SIMONE A.; STEFANI, EDSON J. F.; NARDOTO, GABRIELA B.; JOLY, CARLOS A. Nitrogen input by bamboos in neotropical forest: a new perspective. PeerJ, v. 6, NOV 29 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
FERREIRA, JOICE; LENNOX, GARETH D.; GARDNER, TOBY A.; THOMSON, JAMES R.; BERENGUER, ERIKA; LEES, ALEXANDER C.; MAC NALLY, RALPH; ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C.; FERRAZ, SILVIO F. B.; LOUZADA, JULIO; MOURA, NARGILA G.; OLIVEIRA, VICTOR H. F.; PARDINI, RENATA; SOLAR, RICARDO R. C.; VIEIRA, IMA C. G.; BARLOW, JOS. Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, v. 8, n. 8, p. 744+, AUG 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
FAUSET, SOPHIE; FREITAS, HELBER C.; GALBRAITH, DAVID R.; SULLIVAN, MARTIN J. P.; AIDAR, MARCOS P. M.; JOLY, CARLOS A.; PHILLIPS, OLIVER L.; VIEIRA, SIMONE A.; GLOOR, MANUEL U. Differences in leaf thermoregulation and water use strategies between three co-occurring Atlantic forest tree species. PLANT CELL AND ENVIRONMENT, v. 41, n. 7, p. 1618-1631, JUL 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SAAD, SANDRA ISAY; DA SILVA, JONATHAN MOTA; NAVES SILVA, MARX LEANDRO; BITTENCOURT GUIMARAES, JOAO LUIS; SOUSA JUNIOR, WILSON CABRAL; FIGUEIREDO, RICARDO DE OLIVEIRA; DA ROCHA, HUMBERTO RIBEIRO. Analyzing ecological restoration strategies for water and soil conservation. PLoS One, v. 13, n. 2 FEB 9 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
OLIVEIRA DE SOUZA, ANA CLAUDIA; BENACCI, LUIS; JOLY, CARLOS ALFREDO. Floristic and structure of the arboreal community of an Ombrophilous Dense Forest at 800 m above sea level, in Ubatuba/SP, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, v. 18, n. 4 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
FAUSET, SOPHIE; GLOOR, MANUEL U.; AIDAR, MARCOS P. M.; FREITAS, HELBER C.; FYLLAS, NIKOLAOS M.; MARABESI, MAURO A.; ROCHELLE, ANDR E. L. C.; SHENKIN, ALEXANDER; VIEIRA, SIMONE A.; JOLY, CARLOS A. Tropical forest light regimes in a human-modified landscape. ECOSPHERE, v. 8, n. 11 NOV 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
JOLY, CARLOS A.; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; TABARELLI, MARCELO. Experiences from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: ecological findings and conservation initiatives. NEW PHYTOLOGIST, v. 204, n. 3, p. 459-473, NOV 2014. Web of Science Citations: 95.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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