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Lepidoptera of the State of São Paulo: diversity, distribution, resources, and use for analysis and environmental monitoring

Grant number: 98/05101-8
Support type:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
Duration: January 01, 2000 - June 30, 2007
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Keith Spalding Brown Junior
Grantee:Keith Spalding Brown Junior
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Manoel Martins Dias Filho
Associated grant(s):00/09104-3 - Vitor Osmar Becker | Universidade de Brasilia - Brazil, AV.BR
Associated scholarship(s):03/11697-0 - Effects of anthropic activity and forest fragmentation on the lepidoptera guild, BP.MS
00/14717-4 - Effects of forest fragmentation on butterfly guilds on the Atlantic Plateau of São Paulo, BP.MS
00/01484-1 - Butterfilies as environmental indicators: monitoring with Nymphalidae (Eurytelinae and Satyrinae), BP.PD


Information about the distribution and ecology of many large invertebrate groups is very scarce in São Paulo, especially in the interior where the original vegetation is strongly fragmented. Such information could lead to important theoretical and practical knowledge, essential for the evaluation and conservation of biological diversity and endemic or threatened species, in the remaining natural systems. Inventories of up to 3000 species in nine reasonably well-known families of herbivorous Lepidoptera (silk-moths - Saturniidae, hawk-moths Sphingidae, tiger-moths - Arctiidae, loopers - Geometridae, and the five families of butterflies) and their environments and resources, will be made in 44 sub regions in the state, with the 40 in the interior representing various types and sizes of forest or cerrado fragments. Each region will be visited and inventoried by observation and standard censuses (collecting only when necessary for identification, or for additional biological or chemical study) and mapped by project teams for 1-3 days twice a year during three years, working together with local naturalists whenever possible. The data-base thus obtained (combined with previous information, most already collated), as well as identification and monitoring manuals, will be made available to local natural history and conservation groups and persons throughout the state, on the Internet and by other media. New and already existing reference collections will be organized and supported in various parts of São Paulo. Sites or interactions of special importance will be studied and recommended, when necessary, for permanent protection. Optimal indicator groups of Lepidoptera will be identified and standardized, so that monitors trained in each region can use them to follow environmental changes. (AU)

Scientific publications (40)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MORAES, ALICE R.; GREENEY, HAROLD F.; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S.; BARBOSA, EDUARDO P.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Morphology and behavior of the early stages of the skipper, Urbanus esmeraldus, on Urera baccifera, an ant-visited host plant. JOURNAL OF INSECT SCIENCE, v. 12, APR 12 2012. Web of Science Citations: 4.
RIBEIRO, DANILO BANDINI; BATISTA, ROMULO; PRADO, PAULO I.; BROWN, JR., KEITH S.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. The importance of small scales to the fruit-feeding butterfly assemblages in a fragmented landscape. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, v. 21, n. 3, p. 811-827, MAR 2012. Web of Science Citations: 39.
BAECHTOLD, ALEXANDRA; DEL-CLARO, KLEBER; KAMINSKI, LUCAS A.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L.; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S. Natural history of an ant-plant-butterfly interaction in a Neotropical savanna. Journal of Natural History, v. 46, n. 15-16, p. 943-954, 2012. Web of Science Citations: 17.
RIBEIRO, DANILO B.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Large-sized insects show stronger seasonality than small-sized ones: a case study of fruit-feeding butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 104, n. 4, p. 820-827, DEC 2011. Web of Science Citations: 21.
DIAS, M. M. Taxonomic considerations on the genera Moneuptychia Forster and Carminda Dias, reval. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Brazilian Journal of Biology, v. 71, n. 2, p. 537-540, MAY 2011. Web of Science Citations: 4.
RONALDO BASTOS FRANCINI; MARCELO DUARTE; OLAF HERMANN HENDRIK MIELKE; ASTRID CALDAS; ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI FREITAS. Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) of the "Baixada Santista" region, coastal São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 55, n. 1, p. -, Mar. 2011.
FREITAS, A. V. L.; MIELKE, O. H. H.; MOSER, A.; SILVA-BRANDAO, K. L.; ISERHARD, C. A. A New Genus and Species of Euptychiina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from Southern Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, v. 40, n. 2, p. 231-237, MAR-APR 2011. Web of Science Citations: 19.
FRANCINI, RONALDO BASTOS; DUARTE, MARCELO; HENDRIK MIELKE, OLAF HERMANN; CALDAS, ASTRID; LUCCI FREITAS, ANDRE VICTOR. Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) of the ``Baixada Santista{''} region, coastal Sao Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, v. 55, n. 1, p. 55-68, JAN-MAR 2011. Web of Science Citations: 32.
RIBEIRO, DANILO BANDINI; PRADO, PAULO I.; BROWN, JR., KEITH S.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Temporal Diversity Patterns and Phenology in Fruit-feeding Butterflies in the Atlantic Forest. Biotropica, v. 42, n. 6, p. 710-716, NOV 2010. Web of Science Citations: 28.
BARBOSA, EDUARDO P.; KAMINSKI, LUCAS A.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Immature stages of the butterfly Diaethria clymena janeira (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Biblidinae). Zoologia, v. 27, n. 5, p. 696-702, OCT 2010. Web of Science Citations: 11.
KAMINSKI, LUCAS A.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L.; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S. Interaction between Mutualisms: Ant-Tended Butterflies Exploit Enemy-Free Space Provided by Ant-Treehopper Associations. American Naturalist, v. 176, n. 3, p. 322-334, SEP 2010. Web of Science Citations: 43.
ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI FREITAS. Impactos potenciais das mudanças propostas no Código Florestal Brasileiro sobre as borboletas. Biota Neotropica, v. 10, n. 4, p. 53-57, Dez. 2010.
KAMINSKI, LUCAS A.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Natural history and morphology of immature stages of the butterfly Allosmaitia strophius (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) on flower buds of Malpighiaceae. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, v. 45, n. 1, p. 11-19, 2010. Web of Science Citations: 18.
WAHLBERG, NIKLAS; LENEVEU, JULIEN; KODANDARAMAIAH, ULLASA; PENA, CARLOS; NYLIN, SOREN; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L.; BROWER, ANDREW V. Z. Nymphalid butterflies diversify following near demise at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, v. 276, n. 1677, p. 4295-4302, DEC 22 2009. Web of Science Citations: 272.
RAIMUNDO, RAFAEL L. G.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L.; OLIVEIRA, PAULO S. Seasonal Patterns in Activity Rhythm and Foraging Ecology in the Neotropical Forest-Dwelling Ant, Odontomachus chelifer (Formicidae: Ponerinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, v. 102, n. 6, p. 1151-1157, NOV 2009. Web of Science Citations: 24.
SILVA-BRANDAO, KARINA L.; LYRA, MARIANA L.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Barcoding Lepidoptera: Current Situation and Perspectives on the Usefulness of a Contentious Technique. Neotropical Entomology, v. 38, n. 4, p. 441-451, JUL-AUG 2009. Web of Science Citations: 41.
UEHARA-PRADO, MARCIO; FERNANDES, JULIANA DE OLIVEIRA; BELLO, AYR DE MOURA; MACHADO, GLAUCO; SANTOS, ADALBERTO J.; VAZ-DE-MELLO, FERNANDO ZAGURY; LUCCI FREITAS, ANDRE VICTOR. Selecting terrestrial arthropods as indicators of small-scale disturbance: A first approach in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biological Conservation, v. 142, n. 6, SI, p. 1220-1228, JUN 2009. Web of Science Citations: 66.
ELIAS, M.; JORON, M.; WILLMOTT, K.; SILVA-BRANDAO, K. L.; KAISER, V.; ARIAS, C. F.; PINEREZ, L. M. GOMEZ; URIBE, S.; BROWER, A. V. Z.; FREITAS, A. V. L.; JIGGINS, C. D. Out of the Andes: patterns of diversification in clearwing butterflies. Molecular Ecology, v. 18, n. 8, p. 1716-1729, Apr. 2009. Web of Science Citations: 90.
UEHARA-PRADO, MARCIO; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. The effect of rainforest fragmentation on species diversity and mimicry ring composition of ithomiine butterflies. Insect Conservation and Diversity, v. 2, n. 1, p. 23-28, FEB 2009. Web of Science Citations: 16.
RIBEIRO, DANILO BANDINI; PRADO, PAULO I.; BROWN, JR., KEITH S.; FREITAS, ANDRE V. L. Additive partitioning of butterfly diversity in a fragmented landscape: importance of scale and implications for conservation. DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS, v. 14, n. 6, p. 961-968, NOV 2008. Web of Science Citations: 52.
SILVA-BRANDÃO‚ KL; AZEREDO-ESPIN‚ AML; FREITAS‚ AVL. New evidence on the systematic and phylogenetic position of Parides burchellanus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). MOLECULAR ECOLOGY RESOURCES, v. 8, n. 3, p. 502-511, 2008.
ANDRÉ V.L. FREITAS. A new species of Moneuptychia Forster (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae, Euptychiina) from the highlands of Southeastern Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, v. 36, n. 6, p. 919-925, Dez. 2007.
BROWN JR‚ S.; VICTOR LUCCI FREITAS‚ A.; WAHLBERG‚ N.; VON SCHOULTZ‚ B.; O SAURA‚ A.; SAURA‚ A.; OTHERS. Chromosomal evolution in the South American nymphalidae. Hereditas, v. 144, n. 4, p. 137-148, 2007.
UEHARA-PRADO‚ M.; FONSECA‚ R.L. Urbanization and mismatch with protected areas place the conservation of a threatened species at risk. Biotropica, v. 39, n. 2, p. 264-268, 2007.
ANDRÉ V.L. FREITAS. Immature stages of Adelpha malea goyama Schaus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Limenitidinae). Neotropical Entomology, v. 35, n. 5, p. 625-628, Out. 2006.
BROWER‚ A. V. Z.; FREITAS‚ A. V. L.; LEE‚ M. M.; SILVA-BRANDÃO‚ K. L.; WHINNETT‚ A.; WILLMOTT‚ K. R. Phylogenetic relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from one mitochondrial and two nuclear gene regions. Systematic Entomology, v. 31, n. 2, p. 288-301, 2006.
SILVA-BRANDÃO, KARINA LUCAS; FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; BROWER, ANDREW V. Z.; SOLFERINI, VERA NISAKA. Phylogenetic relationships of the New World Troidini swallowtails (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) based on COI, COII, and EF-1 alpha genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, v. 36, n. 3, p. 468-483, Sept. 2005.
LEWINSOHN, THOMAS M.; FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; PRADO, PAULO INÁCIO. Conservation of terrestrial invertebrates and their habitats in Brazil. Conservation Biology, v. 19, n. 3, p. 640-645, June 2005.
SCHULZ, STEFAN; BECCALONI, GEORGE; BROWN JUNIOR, KEITH S.; BOPPRÉ, MICHAEL; FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; OCKENFELS, PETER; TRIGO, JOSÉ ROBERTO. Semiochemicals derived from pyrrolizidine alkaloids in male ithomiine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, v. 32, n. 8, p. 699-713, Aug. 2004.
BROWN‚ JR; KEITH‚ S.; VON SCHOULTZ‚ B.; SUOMALAINEN‚ E. Chromosome evolution in neotropical Danainae and Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera). Hereditas, v. 141, n. 3, p. 216-236, 2004.
FRANCINI, RONALDO BASTOS; FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; PENZ, CARLA. Two new species of Actinote (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) from Southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, v. 719, p. 1-10, 2004.
FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; BROWN JUNIOR, KEITH. Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology, v. 53, n. 3, p. 363-383, 2004.
UEHARA-PRADO, MARCIO; FREITAS, ANDRÉ VICTOR LUCCI; FRANCIN, RONALDO BASTOS; BROWN JR, KEITH SPALDING. Guia das borboletas frugívoras da Reserva Estadual do Morro Grande e região de Caucaia do Alto, Cotia (São Paulo). Biota Neotropica, v. 4, n. 1, p. 0-0, 2004.
BROWN, JR., KEITH S.; FREITAS, ANDRE VICTOR L. Butterfly communities of urban forest fragments in Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Structure, instability, environmental correlates, and conservation. JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION, v. 6, n. 4, p. 217-231, DEC 2002. Web of Science Citations: 72.
BROWN JUNIOR, KEITH S.; FREITAS, ANDRE VICTOR L. Atlantic Forest butterflies: indicators for landscape conservation. Biotropica, v. 32, n. 4B, p. 934-956, 2000.

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