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Comparison between perineal exercises and sexual exercises as physiotherapeutic treatment method in female orgasmic dysfunction

Grant number: 09/03567-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2010
Effective date (End): February 29, 2012
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Ivaldo da Silva
Grantee:Priscila Fernandes Gouveia
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The human sexual response is a highly rational and orderly succession of physiological events, whose transformations are not limited only to the genital area, but cause also neurologic, vascular, muscular and hormonal reactions affecting the functioning of the whole body. To woman, the orgasm is a psychophysiological experience obtained through a psychosocial context. Physiologically, a vasocongestive and myotonic discharge. The orgasmic dysfunction may be classified in chronological or causal. Chronological primary time, when there was never a orgasmic perception, or chronological second when it was the occurrence of orgasm. Causal general, always occurs or circunstantial, depending on the circunstances like partner, stimulus, location, etc. The exercises are designed to more perineal strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor, physiologically explained that the increase of muscular strength comes from the repetition of voluntary movements. The perineal muscle training also provides a neural adaptation during treatment, in addition to several other benefits such as improved blood circulation, fatigue resistance, improved mobility, flexibility and muscular coordination, assisting in the treatment of sexual dysfunctions in order that such changes may be linked to compromised muscle. The aim of this study is to compare the perineal exercises and sexual exercises as a method of physiotherapeutic treatment in female orgasmic dysfunction. It will be a study with 40 women seen in the Menopausal Transition and Postmenopausal Discipline of Gynecologic Endocrinology, Department of Gynecology, UNIFESP-EPM. Women will be assessed through an evaluation, with items such as personal data of the patient personal background and then pass the assessment of pelvic floor and is collected in the questionnaire "Sexual Ratio - Women's version for evaluation of sexual function. After being informed sign the end of free and informed consent. The randomized treatments previously, will be divided into Group A (sexual exercises) and Group B (sexual and perineal exercises). Then the findings will be forwarded to a statistical analysis of results.