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Effects of two exercise programs on cardiac autonomic function and level of daily physical activities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Grant number: 10/03223-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2010
Effective date (End): December 31, 2011
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal researcher:Fábio de Oliveira Pitta
Grantee:Carlos Augusto Marçal Camillo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Presidente Prudente. Presidente Prudente , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a treatable and preventable disease with some extrapulmonary features that might contribute to its severity. Among these effects, it can be underlined the lower levels of physical activities in daily life (PADL) as well as cardiac autonomic disfunction. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are recommended for those simptomatic patients in order to generate positive physiological benefits. However, so far, little is known whether different modalities of physical exercise training may yield different benefits on PADL and cardiac autonomic function in patients with COPD. Therefore, the aim of this study is to verify the effect of two exercise programs (one consisting of high-intensity exercise modalities, another consisting of low-intensity exercise modalities) on PADL and autonomic cardiac function in patients with moderate to severe COPD. Also, we aim to verify eventual determinants on changes in cardiac autonomic function (Heart rate variability, HRV) as well as the training effects in several disease outcomes. Forty patients with COPD (moderate to severe) will be assessed regarding PADL and HRV before and after two physical exercise protocols (high-intensity exercise program, n=20; low-intensity exercise program, n=20). Furthermore, all subjects will be assessed regarding health-related quality of life, functional status, dyspnea sensation, peripheral and respiratory muscle force and exercise capacity.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SANT'ANNA, THAIS; ESCOBAR, VICTORIA C.; FONTANA, ANDREA D.; CAMILLO, CARLOS A.; HERNANDES, NIDIA A.; PITTA, FABIO. Evaluation of a New Motion Sensor in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION, v. 93, n. 12, p. 2319-2325, DEC 2012. Web of Science Citations: 10.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
CAMILLO, Carlos Augusto Marçal. Efeito de dois programas de treinamento físico sobre a função autonômica cardíaca e nível de atividade física na vida diária em pacientes portadores de doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC). 2011. 113 f. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia. Presidente Prudente.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.