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Evaluation of mercury and lead metabolism and toxicity related polymorphisms in riverside communities exposed to the metals, in Amazonian region

Grant number: 10/16691-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2011
Effective date (End): May 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Pharmacy - Toxicological Analysis
Principal researcher:Fernando Barbosa Júnior
Grantee:Gustavo Rafael Mazzaron Barcelos
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (FCFRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):11/22575-0 - Evaluation of polymorphisms genes related to glutathione on the mercury concentrations in individuals environmentally exposed to the metal, in riparian communities of Tapajos river, Pará, Brazil, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

Mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) are toxic metals in the environment, causing many adverse health effects. Their metabolisms are slow through the system dependent on glutathione (GSH). Genetic polymorphisms of these enzymes are related to differences between the retention of metals and consequently their toxicity. Thus, the basic hypothesis to be examined in this project is that genetic polymorphisms related to detoxification of Hg and Pb may influence the process of elimination and toxicity of methylmercury (MeHg) and Pb in subjects environmentally exposed to metals. In a first step, we aim to evaluate the environmental effects of MeH and Pb exposure, via consumption of fish and manioc flour contaminated, respectively, in riverside communities of the Tapajós River, Pará, by determining the levels Hg and Pb present in this population as well as the effects of the impact of genetic polymorphisms on the concentrations of metals. For this, blood samples are collected hair and these individuals will be determined and the levels of Pb and Hg total, through the use of an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. Subsequently, will take place polymorphism genotyping using the technique of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the genomic DNA extracted from the blood of volunteers, and through multivariate statistical analysis will be performed to evaluate the possible influence that these genetic variants may exert on the process of detoxification and toxicity of MeHg and Pb Therefore, the results that will be obtained in this study will bring relevant information on environmental exposure and its consequences to human health, the possible influence of polymorphisms of these genes on the concentrations of these metals in individuals and also be shown different toxicological effects between genetic variation in the population and co-exposure to MeHg and Pb. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MAZZARON BARCELOS, GUSTAVO RAFAEL; DE MARCO, KATIA CRISTINA; DE REZENDE, VANIA BRAGHINI; LEITE BRAGA, GILBERTO UBIDA; GREGGI ANTUNES, LUSANIA MARIA; TANUS-SANTOS, JOSE EDUARDO; BARBOSA, JR., FERNANDO. Genetic Effects of eNOS Polymorphisms on Biomarkers Related to Cardiovascular Status in a Population Coexposed to Methylmercury and Lead. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 69, n. 2, p. 173-180, AUG 2015. Web of Science Citations: 2.
MAZZARON BARCELOS, GUSTAVO RAFAEL; DE SOUZA, MARILESIA FERREIRA; SOARES DE OLIVEIRA, ANDREIA AVILA; LENGERT, ANDRE VAN HELVOORT; DE OLIVEIRA, MARCELO TEMPESTA; DE OLIVEIRA GODOY CAMARGO, ROSSANA BATISTA; GROTTO, DENISE; VALENTINI, JULIANA; GARCIA, SOLANGE CRISTINA; LEITE BRAGA, GILBERTO UBIDA; DE SYLLOS COLUS, ILCE MARA; ADEYEMI, JOSEPH; BARBOSA, JR., FERNANDO. Effects of genetic polymorphisms on antioxidant status and concentrations of the metals in the blood of riverside Amazonian communities co-exposed to Hg and Pb. Environmental Research, v. 138, p. 224-232, APR 2015. Web of Science Citations: 11.
MAZZARON BARCELOS, GUSTAVO RAFAEL; GROTTO, DENISE; DE MARCO, KATIA CRISTINA; VALENTINI, JULIANA; LENGERT, ANDRE VAN HELVOORT; SOARES DE OLIVEIRA, ANDREIA AVILA; GARCIA, SOLANGE CRISTINA; LEITE BRAGA, GILBERTO UBIDA; ENGSTROM, KARIN SCHLAWICKE; DE SYLLOS COLUS, ILCE MARA; BROBERG, KARIN; BARBOSA, JR., FERNANDO. Polymorphisms in glutathione-related genes modify mercury concentrations and antioxidant status in subjects environmentally exposed to methylmercury. Science of The Total Environment, v. 463, p. 319-325, OCT 1 2013. Web of Science Citations: 36.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.