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Analysis of the relationship between Permanent Preservation Areas and fluvial water quality in the city of Paulínia (SP)

Grant number: 10/20302-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2011
Effective date (End): December 31, 2011
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Physical Geography
Principal Investigator:Lindon Fonseca Matias
Grantee:Francisco Ferreira de Campos
Host Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IG). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project intends to study the relationships between the presence of Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs) in varied stages of preservation/degradation and different types of land use and occupation and the water quality of water courses in the city of Paulínia (SP). It aims to continue the previous works where the areas meant to be permanently preserved in the city and their respective types of land use and occupation were defined, verifying their accordance with the legislation, and the socialenvironmental impacts occurring in non-preserved PPAs (CAMPOS & MATIAS, 2010 a and b). Paulínia holds many industries, especially petrochemical, and has, over the last years, a high population growth rate compared to the other cities of the Metropolitan Region of Campinas. The increase in occupation results in conflicting uses in the PPAs, which stops them from fulfilling its environmental functions, like protecting water resources. The methodology going to be used consists of geochemical analysis of water samples from the main water courses to determine its physical-chemical parameters and inorganic content (metals), as well as the utilization of geoprocessing techniques for the mapping of the geochemical data and the analysis of its relation with the types of land use and occupation and stages of preservation/degradation of PPAs. The research intends to contribute to a better understanding of the influence that the PPAs of the city of Paulínia have in the water quality of the water courses of which they are related.

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