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Water balance and soil erosion in native forest of the Cerrado biome

Grant number: 10/18788-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2011
Effective date (End): December 31, 2014
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Sanitary Engineering - Water Resources
Principal Investigator:Edson Cezar Wendland
Grantee:Paulo Tarso Sanches de Oliveira
Host Institution: Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):12/03764-9 - Dynamics of water balance and soil erosion in cerrado, BE.EP.DR


The Cerrado biome is the second largest biome in South America and covers an area of approximately 22% of Brazilian territory. This biome has national and international relevance in terms of the biodiversity and water resources. Despite the importance of biome, researches with greater detail about the dynamics of water balance and soil erosion weren´t achieved to evaluate the replacement of native cover by agricultural areas. Thus, we intend to conduct an analytical study of the main components of water balance and soil erosion processes in native forest area representative of Cerrado biome, allowing the evaluation of this biome in the face of current conditions of changing land use. So, we intend to study with detail all components of water balance and soil erosion on experimental plots under natural rainfall, located at forest native area of the Cerrado biome in São Carlos, SP. We expect to obtain the following aspects: (i) information that can help the conservation of the Cerrado; (ii) input data for modeling process of the hydrological cycle and soil loss in the Cerrado; (iii) calibration of erosion models for the study area; and (iv) analysis space-time of the impacts of deforestation of native Cerrado areas in the water balance and in the intensification of erosion processes. So, all information generated will provide better understanding of the dynamics of the Cerrado to help the decision making process about measures of the forest and land use management.

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
OLIVEIRA, PAULO TARSO S.; NEARING, MARK A.; WENDLAND, EDSON. Orders of magnitude increase in soil erosion associated with land use change from native to cultivated vegetation in a Brazilian savannah environment. EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS, v. 40, n. 11, p. 1524-1532, . (10/18788-5, 11/14273-3, 12/03764-9)
OLIVEIRA, P. T. S.; WENDLAND, E.; NEARING, M. A.; SCOTT, R. L.; ROSOLEM, R.; DA ROCHA, H. R.. The water balance components of undisturbed tropical woodlands in the Brazilian cerrado. HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, v. 19, n. 6, p. 2899-2910, . (10/18788-5, 11/14273-3, 12/03764-9)
OLIVEIRA, PAULO TARSO S.; NEARING, MARK A.; MORAN, M. SUSAN; GOODRICH, DAVID C.; WENDLAND, EDSON; GUPTA, HOSHIN V.. Trends in water balance components across the Brazilian Cerrado. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, v. 50, n. 9, p. 7100-7114, . (10/18788-5, 11/14273-3, 12/03764-9)
OLIVEIRA, P. T. S.; NEARING, M. A.; HAWKINS, R. H.; STONE, J. J.; RODRIGUES, D. B. B.; PANACHUKI, E.; WENDLAND, E.. Curve number estimation from Brazilian Cerrado rainfall and runoff data. JOURNAL OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION, v. 71, n. 5, p. 420-429, . (10/18788-5, 11/14273-3, 12/03764-9, 15/05134-0)
SANCHES OLIVEIRA, PAULO TARSO; WENDLAND, EDSON; NEARING, MARK A.. Rainfall erosivity in Brazil: A review. CATENA, v. 100, p. 139-147, . (10/18788-5, 11/14273-3)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
OLIVEIRA, Paulo Tarso Sanches de. Water balance and soil erosion in the Brazilian Cerrado. 2014. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD) São Carlos.

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