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Physical degraded soil erosion by water and deployment of technologies for rural settlement recovery in Terra Nossa/Aimorés, municipalities de Bauru e Pederneiras/SP

Grant number: 10/18808-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2011
Effective date (End): February 28, 2013
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography
Principal researcher:Maria Cristina Perusi
Grantee:Lucas Vituri Santarosa
Home Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ourinhos. Ourinhos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The erosion is a set of naturally occurring geological processes. However, human intervention is caused to accelerate and intensify modifications this process, resulting in degradation. The rural settlement Terra Nossa / Aimorés, located between the cities of Bauru and Pederneiras - SP, presents environmental degradation due to the strong positioning of humans promoted the advancement of agriculture in the West Paulista. The poorly planned occupation added to the natural characteristics of the environment resulted in pictures of intense soil degradation threatening agricultural activity and therefore the livelihoods of the resettled families. With this background, this project aims to characterize the soils of areas degraded by erosion and use alternative methods for recovery of erosive foci in pilot areas in the Rural Settlement Terra Nossa / Aimorés. To this end, it will produce morphological description to identify the soils of the region; routine physical examination; georeferencing data collected with support of GPS navigation, overlaying the data in high resolution images, using the geographic information system (GIS ) and Idrisi Taiga, so multidisciplinary practices to adopt soil and mechanical recovery of areas degraded by erosion.

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