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Genetic evaluation of the vectorial competence and genomic silencing study mediated by RNAi in natural Brazilian populations of Aedes aegypti

Grant number: 10/20308-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2011
Effective date (End): April 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Parasitology - Entomology and Malacology of Parasites and Vectors
Principal Investigator:Jayme Augusto de Souza-Neto
Grantee:Carine Spenassatto Dreyer
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Dengue is the arbovirosis of greater growth in recent years, reflecting on social and economic impacts due to the high morbidity and mortality rates triggered by infection. Dengue has Aedes aegypti as its primary vector, which is distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the planet. Due to its anthropophilic and haematophagic habit, rapid development and specific behavioral characteristics, it is an excellent dengue virus transmitter. Control measurements are restricted to eliminating the mosquito vector since neither specific treatments nor tetravalent vaccines are yet commercially available. One feature that determines the spread of the disease is the high vector competence of its vector mosquitoes, which has been associated to its genetic factors and to its gut microbiota. The present study will evaluate genetic and microbial factors related to vector competence of natural populations of Ae. Aegypti with different levels of susceptibilities to dengue virus serotype 4 (DENV-4). For that, we will evaluate the susceptibility to DENV-4 infection of two field collected mosquito populations (Botucatu-SP and Neópolis-SE) through infection assays and relative quantification by RT-qPCR. Differential gene expression and gut microbial diversity analyses will be performed using next-generation sequencing (RNA-seq and 16S rRNA gene sequencing) through Illumina HiScanSQ and MiSeq platforms, respectively. This study will assist in obtaining data to enable the development of strategies to reduce transmission of dengue, the mosquito vector control and thus prevent epidemics. (AU)

News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship:
Gut bacteria of <i>Aedes aegypti</i> could become a weapon against dengue 

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
DREYER, Carine Spenassatto. Caracterização das respostas transcricionais e microbiomas de populações naturais do mosquito Aedes aegypti com diferentes níveis de suscetibilidade ao vírus dengue. 2015. 144 f. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Instituto de Biociências (Campus de Botucatu)..

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