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Effect of plant proteinase inhibitor (CrataBL) in elastase-induced lung injury in C57Bl6 mice

Grant number: 11/01165-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2011
Effective date (End): July 31, 2013
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:Iolanda de Fátima Lopes Calvo Tibério
Grantee:Leandro Vilela Oliva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is now a major disease in terms of global health. Epidemiological data prove the descent of the number of deaths caused by COPD, with an increase of 340% in 20 years. The causes of COPD are not yet fully understood, but evidence points to the importance of the proteinase-antiproteinase theory as one of the main causes. In this sense, it becomes necessary to use experimental models of lung inflammation to search for new drugs in order to study the importance of inhibition of this mechanism in the control of lung injury. The use of extract of CrataBL for pathophysiological experimental research of COPD rests on the theory of liberation and inhibition of proteinases, altering the development of lung injury caused by elastase. This project aims to assess the effect of CrataBL protein as proteinase inhibitor in experimental model of elastase-induced emphysema in the lungs of mice. We will evaluate the following parameters: respiratory mechanics, exhaled nitric oxide, the mean alveolar diameter, the content of collagen and elastic fibers in the airways and lung parenchyma, macrophages and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage and lung tissue, lipid peroxidation, the expression of metaproteinases 9 and 12; iNOS, eNOS, isoprostane PGF2 alpha, IL-1, IL-8 and TNF alpha in the lung parenchyma. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
OLIVA, LEANDRO V.; ALMEIDA-REIS, RAFAEL; THEODORO-JUNIOR, OSMAR; OLIVEIRA, BRUNO M.; LEICK, EDNA A.; PRADO, CARLA M.; BRITO, MARLON V.; DOS SANTOS CORREIA, MARIA TEREZA; PAIVA, PATRICIA M. G.; MARTINS, MILTON A.; OLIVA, MARIA LUIZA V.; TIBERIO, IOLANDA F. L. C. A plant proteinase inhibitor from Crataeva tapia (CrataBL) attenuates elastase-induced pulmonary inflammatory, remodeling, and mechanical alterations in mice. Process Biochemistry, v. 50, n. 11, p. 1958-1965, NOV 2015. Web of Science Citations: 2.
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
OLIVA, Leandro Vilela. Effect of vegetable proteinase inhibitor, CrataBL, on lung injury induced by elastase in mice C57/Bl6. 2014. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina São Paulo.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.