Introduction: The aging process affect the quality of human life impairing the sensory and motor functions, increasing the postural instability and the number of falls. In the institutionalized elderly postural deficits are more severe due to physical and psychological factors. However, it remains unclear the relation between the psycho-social factors (community x institutionalization) with the balance disabilities. Thus, this study proposes to assess physical aspects, such as balance and gait, psychological aspects (geriatric depression scale) and the routine of patients among elderly community residents and institutionalized residents to understand better the real factors involved in the decline observed in these populations respectively. Method: 15 elderly community residents and 15 institutionalized residents will be evaluated. The various systems involved in postural control will be assessed through scales: Geriatric Depression scale (GDS), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Brazilian SROS Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire - BOMFAQ, Functional Balance scale of Berg, Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment of Gait and Balance (Poma) of Tinetti and Timed Up and Go (Tug) Test. Expected Results Increase the knowledge about the influence of bio-psycho-social aspects on decline of gait and postural control of elderly community residents and institutionalized as well as identify the appropriate scales to be applied in each group to indentify the deficits and allow the appropriate therapeutic treatments to avoid falls.
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