Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy has gained importance in prenatal care. In 2009, two institutions, namely the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, reviewed the literature on the influence of nutritional status on maternal, women's, children's and future adults' health and presented new guidelines evaluating weight gain during pregnancy. In such context, this project aims at characterizing a population of pregnant women who received prenatal care from public primary health care services as regards the presence of factors potentially associated with excessive gestational weight gain, at evaluating such gain and at identifying the prevalence of outcomes associated with excessive gain. To this end, the study will use data from multiple sources: interviews with pregnant women from a previous project conducted in 2010 with support from FAPESP whose main objective was to describe pregnant women's physical activity; data collection from medical records in the services where the pregnant women received prenatal and where childbirth occurred; data collection from the System of Information on Live Births - SINASC concerning newborns.
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