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mRNA and miRNA expression analysis in treatment resistance in Schizophrenia

Grant number: 12/12669-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2012
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine - Psychiatry
Principal Investigator:Jair de Jesus Mari
Grantee:Patrícia Natália Silva Moretti
Host Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):13/16079-5 - GWAS analysis in schizophrenia and refractoriness to antipsychotic treatment, BE.EP.PD


Schizophrenia is the most severe and debilitating mental illness among the psychiatric disorders. It's a complex disease characterized by alterations in multiple susceptibility genes, which possibly act together with epigenetic and environmental processes. The current project aims to investigate gene expression of candidate genes for the development of schizophrenia and/or the response to pharmacological treatment. Moreover, we aim to evaluate miRNAs levels to investigate a possible epigenetic regulation of the genes evaluated in this project and others described in literature, as well as investigate the role of miRNA in treatment resistant schizophrenia (TRS). Eighty patients being treated with antipsychotics will be evaluated, 40 of them are responders to treatment (non-TRS), and the other 40 are nonresponders (TRS). Peripheral blood samples will be collected from all subjects and RNA will be extracted from white blood cells. Gene expression will be performed with PCR array and will investigate 28 genes involved in neurodevelopment, myelination, neuroplasticity and neurotransmission. Simultaneously, miRNA levels will be quantified in patients non-TRS and TRS using a commercial plate with 84 miRNAs sequences, related to neurodevelopment and neurotransmission. The miRNAs investigation on response to pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia will provide new data on literature, and the results may provide a more effective treatment of schizophrenia, as well as a decrease on time of non-treated cases. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MORETTI, PATRICIA N.; OTA, VANESSA K.; GOUVEA, EDUARDO S.; PEDRINI, MARIANA; SANTORO, MARCOS L.; TALARICO, FERNANDA; SPINDOLA, LETICIA M.; CARVALHO, CAROLINA MUNIZ; NOTO, CRISTIANO; XAVIER, GABRIELA; et al. Accessing Gene Expression in Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia. Molecular Neurobiology, v. 55, n. 8, p. 7000-7008, . (14/07280-1, 12/12669-0, 11/50740-5)

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