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Metabolic pathways and meat tenderness: from CNVs to gene expression in Nelore cattle breed

Grant number: 14/01438-2
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2014
Effective date (End): September 30, 2014
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry
Principal Investigator:Luiz Lehmann Coutinho
Grantee:Vinicius Henrique da Silva
Supervisor abroad: Ralf Zimmer
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU Munich), Germany  
Associated to the scholarship:12/23717-5 - Identification of CNVs in the Nelore genome and its association with meat tenderness, BP.MS

Abstract

Brazil has the largest commercial cattle herd in the world and occupies the first position in worldwide meat export. About 80% of Brazilian herd consists of Zebu breeds (Bos taurus indicus). Nelore breed represents 90% of zebuine cattle, showing great representability and adaptability. The great adaptability of Nelore breed in Brazilian tropical climate, however, is not associated with meat tenderness. To investigate underlying genetic factors the "Molecular basis of meat quality in Nelore beef cattle" project has been launched by Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA - Southeast Livestock) in collaboration with the University of São Paulo - Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (USP - ESALQ). One important genetic source of phenotypic variance investigated in the project is copy number variation (CNV), i.e. deviation from the normal number of copies of certain DNA sections in the genome. Previously, genotyping of a Nelore population of approximately 800 animals identified more than 2000 regions of copy number variation (CNVRs). Out of them, ten CNVRs holding SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) associated with meat tenderness were too analyzed by qPCR. Additionally, 40 animals of the population were subjected to transcriptome analysis using next-generation sequencing (RNA-seq). This work aim is to combine CNVR and gene expression data to identify genes, which are differentially expressed between different CNVR genotypes. Another aim is to analyze whether differentially expressed genes share similar functions or belong to similar metabolic pathways using state-of-the-art enrichment approaches. This will substantially improve the biological interpretation of the CNVRs and will enable the detection of relevant candidates associated with beef tenderness. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GEISTLINGER, LUDWIG; DA SILVA, VINICIUS HENRIQUE; MELLO CESAR, ALINE SILVA; TIZIOTO, POLYANA CRISTINE; WALDRON, LEVI; ZIMMER, RALF; DE ALMEIDA REGITANO, LUCIANA CORREIA; COUTINHO, LUIZ LEHMANN. Widespread modulation of gene expression by copy number variation in skeletal muscle. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 8, JAN 23 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
DA SILVA, VINICIUS HENRIQUE; DE ALMEIDA REGITANO, LUCIANA CORREIA; GEISTLINGER, LUDWIG; PERTILLE, FABIO; GIACHETTO, POLIANA FERNANDA; BRASSALOTI, RICARDO AUGUSTO; MOROSINI, NATALIA SILVA; ZIMMER, RALF; COUTINHO, LUIZ LEHMANN. Genome-Wide Detection of CNVs and Their Association with Meat Tenderness in Nelore Cattle. PLoS One, v. 11, n. 6 JUN 27 2016. Web of Science Citations: 14.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.