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"Swan song of the developmentalism brazilian" an analysis of industrial business relations with the state, of the II PND until the crises of the 1980s.

Grant number: 14/00770-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2014
Effective date (End): February 28, 2018
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Economics
Principal Investigator:Pedro Paulo Zahluth Bastos
Grantee:Rafael Moraes
Home Institution: Instituto de Economia (IE). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


There is a broad consensus in the economic literature that the II PND , implemented during the Geisel administration was the last of the big investment plans directed by the State in Brazil . Its features had parallel only in the investment programs of the "Era vargas" and "Plano de Metas" on the JK administration. The scenario that settled in the country after his execution took , however , much of the literature also jeopardize its economic rationality , crediting their failures an important contribution to the crisis of the 1980s . Only a few studies , partly produced by economists involved in creating the plan , advocate its performance and its economic assumptions . In this paper, we propose a path is poorly addressed in the literature . In this case , the II PND is seen as an attempt to reach a structural solution to the crisis by deepening the development policies . The aim of this paper is to investigate the role played by the industrial businessman in the non achievement of program results as expected by its performers . Our central hypothesis is the significant contribution of the industrial businessman , not only for the outcome less than expected by the Plan , but also to the following developments in the economy . In the center of this action would be, a very pragmatic positioning approach / retraction in its relationship with governments , always aiming to equip the state for their benefit , and / or move hostile groups away from power. As a backdrop to this drama is the reconfiguration of the international capitalist accumulation pattern imposing a new external reality both for the state and for the industrial business .

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