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The network of the German ethnography in Brazil (1884-1926)

Grant number: 14/09332-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2014
Effective date (End): February 28, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Anthropology - Theory of Anthropology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Mauro William Barbosa de Almeida
Grantee:Erik Petschelies
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):16/04482-8 - From expeditions to exhibitions: German ethnologists, South American Indians, institutions (1884-1928), BE.EP.DR


Through a literature survey and a documentary research in Germany I want to show how the German ethnographers Karl von den Steinen Paul Ehrenreich Theodor Koch - Grünberg and Max Schmidt, pioneers of the ethnography in Brazil from explorations of the Xingu region between 1884 and 1926, tried to form a network of international collaborators, which included not only ethnographers, but also indigenous informants. Intended to study both the academic activity of the ethnographers (involving the relationships they established, either with other intellectuals, institutions, either with indigenous and Brazilian authorities), as the works themselves, seeking to establish the connections between the conditions of production with ethnographic theories. Thinking about the concept of network, and that it's always spot on a point of view, the production of ethnographic theory is a local expression and parto f a network of relationships involving numerous subjects. Thus, the analysis of their works - would reveal the semantics of the theory over the pragmatic, which can be perceived in the relationship to be analyzed - is to unveil its analysis and inheritance concepts of philosophy, Johann Gottfried Herder in particular, the theory of a comparative anthropology of Wilhelm von Humboldt and through the influence of the prominent anthropologists at the time Karl Ritter, Friedrich Ratzel, Theodor Waitz and Adolf Bastian. Thus, their ethnographies opposed to the speculative method of philosophy through an analysis of empirical reality, that intended to glimpse how the diversity of cultures at the expense of universality of mankind was supported by the language, the material culture, the techniques and physical types. The purpose of the research, therefore, is to unveil the two senses of the works, the semantic, the theories themselves, and pragmatic, the network in which they operate. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
PETSCHELIES, ERIK. From Berlin to Belem: Theodor Koch-Grunberg's Rio Negro collections. MUSEUM HISTORY JOURNAL, v. 12, n. 1, SI, p. 29-51, JAN 2 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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