|Support type:||Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation|
|Effective date (Start):||October 01, 2014|
|Effective date (End):||September 30, 2016|
|Field of knowledge:||Health Sciences - Pharmacy - Toxicological Analysis|
|Principal Investigator:||Wilma de Grava Kempinas|
|Grantee:||Tainá Louise Pacheco|
|Home Institution:||Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil|
Glucocorticoids are powerful drugs with anti-rheumatic, anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive action, and are the drugs used for antenatal therapy, promoting fetal lung maturation and thus reducing the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, mortality and morbidity with featured glucocorticoid betamethasone. Studies conducted in partnership with our laboratory have shown that prenatal exposure to this drug promoted changes in testosterone levels and sperm parameters of male offspring, however there are few studies on female offspring. The objective of this study is to evaluate possible changes in installation of puberty and reproductive parameters, with emphasis on the fertility of female rats caused by in utero exposure to betamethasone. For this, pregnant rats will be allocated into a control group and treated with 0.1 mg / kg betamethasone on gestational days 12,13,18 and 19. The female pups of the first generation will be assessed in reference to litter weight at birth, the anogenital distance, nipples count, age of vaginal opening and first estrus (indicators of puberty onset), weight and histology of ovaries at 75 days of age, weight of liver, kidney, pituitary and adrenal hormone measurements, estrous cycle regularity, sexual behavior and fertility after natural mating. The present investigation is timely and very relevant, considering the wide use of this drug therapies with maternal risk of premature birth and due to the known action of glucocorticoids on fetal programming. In addition to generating new knowledgment on the effects of prenatal exposure to betamethasone, we intend to prepare qualified human resources in reproductive toxicology.