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Use of plasmo-VLP as a strategy to increase the immunogenicity of DNA vaccine HIVBr18

Grant number: 14/22809-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2014
Effective date (End): November 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Immunology
Principal Investigator:Edecio Cunha Neto
Grantee:Fernanda Caroline Coirada Oliveira
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FM). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

HIV vacines based on the induction of T cell responses can reduce the progression to AIDS as well as reduce the virus transmission by generating broad and functionally relevant responses. CD4+ T cells have a critical role in controlling the viral replication and progression for the immunodeficiency. It has been shown by our group that the DNA vaccine HIVBr18, encoding 18 HIV-1 epitopes to CD4+ T cells, was able to induce long-lasting and polifunctional CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses, towards epitopes in HIV conserved regions, in BALB/c and transgenic mice to HLA class II molecules. As this vaccine is able to induce broad responses against conserved epitopes in the context of multiples HLA class II molecules, we believe that such vaccine concept may deal with the genetic variability of HIV and increase vaccination coverage of the population.Recently, several methods for increasing the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines in humans were developed. In this project, we aim to increase the immunogenicity of the HIVBr18 vaccine using in vivo electroporation and plasmid-encoded virus-like particles (plasmo-VLP), strategies that have been proved effective for increasing the immunogenicity of several vaccine constructions.

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