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Primary Health Care and programs to reduce social inequalities

Grant number: 15/00746-8
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2015
Effective date (End): December 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Collective Health - Public Health
Principal researcher:Regina Célia Fiorati
Grantee:Regina Célia Fiorati
Host: Maria Del Pilar Serrano Gallardo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Spain  


The general objective of this research project is to analyze the potential and difficulties of implementing primary care-oriented Primary Health Care (PHC) programs involving healthcare and social assistance, in order to cope with poverty and social inequalities in areas with strong levels of social vulnerability, based on the perception PHC workers. The specific objectives include: sociodemographic, economic, and cultural characterization of the areas involved; characterization of the PHC services and workers available in these areas; identification of the groups experiencing social vulnerability in these areas; interpretation of the perceptions of PHC workers concerning the programs proposed; and the development of a theoretical framework for social inequality. This is an exploratory-descriptive study with qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data will be collected through focal groups and questionnaires. The study setting will be Family Health Units located in the East region of Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil. The participants will be professionals working in the Family Health Units selected for the study. Data from the focal groups will be analyzed in light of Jürgen Habermas' hermeneutic theoretical framework based on his theory of Communicative Action. The frequency of data from the questionnaires will be computed using simple percentages. A visit to Madrid, Spain is necessary for the development of this study to meet the objectives of characterizing PHC services and to develop a theoretical framework for social inequality.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FIORATI, REGINA CELIA; ARCENCIO, RICARDO A.; SEGURA DEL POZO, JAVIER; RAMASCO-GUTIERREZ, MILAGROS; SERRANO-GALLARDO, PILAR. Intersectorality and social participation as coping policies for health inequities-worldwide. GACETA SANITARIA, v. 32, n. 3, p. 304-314, MAY-JUN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.

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