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The role of miR-22 in the regulation of ostoglycin during myogenesis

Grant number: 14/21110-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2015
Effective date (End): July 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology - Cytology and Cell Biology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Maeli Dal Pai
Grantee:Carlos Augusto Barnabe Alves
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

In mammals, myogenesis is the process of embryonic development of muscle tissue at the molecular level that is regulated by interaction of intracellular signal transducers and nuclear transcription factors. Somite cells are committed to the myogenic lineage and progress along the development of muscle cells and subsequently formation of multinucleated myofiber. During these processes there is the activation of Myogenic Regulatory Factors (MRFs), resulting in a reprogramming of gene expression responsible for the control of skeletal myogenesis. MRFs are important for muscle development, but they do not explain by themselves the sophisticated pattern of gene expression during myogenesis. The Osteoglycin (OGN) is part of the small proteoglycans that are secreted by the extracellular matrix and presenting gene expression changes during the myogenesis process. Although OGN has been identified as part of the muscle cell secretome, it has not been rated it role in proliferation, migration and, differentiation of muscle cells. The complexity of the control mechanisms of gene expression in this process suggests the involvement of additional regulatory molecules, such as micro-RNAs. These RNA molecules encoded by the genome regulate various cellular processes in skeletal muscle and are involved in various diseases. Micro-RNAs work in order to control a common biological pathway or function. Using computer algorithms, we found miR-22 as an important candidate for post-transcriptional regulation of OGN. Thus, the hypothesis is that the OGN is post-transcriptionally regulated by miR-22 for the control of proliferation, migration and differentiation of muscle cells during myogenesis. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ALVES, Carlos Augusto Barnabe. Regulação da Osteoglicina pelo microRNA-22 durante a miogênese. 2016. Master's Dissertation - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Instituto de Biociências (Campus de Botucatu)..

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