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Courts of justice in the city of Rome in reports of Tacitus and Pliny the Younger (I-II century A.D.)

Grant number: 15/07270-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2016
Effective date (End): July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Ancient and Medieval History
Principal Investigator:Margarida Maria de Carvalho
Grantee:Dominique Monge Rodrigues de Souza
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais (FCHS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Franca. Franca , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):16/24210-2 - The courts of justice in the city of Rome in the reports by Tacitus and Pliny the Younger (1st - 2nd centuries AD), BE.EP.DR


During our studies at the level of scientific initiation and Master degree, both funded by FAPESP, we analyze the defenses and performances of Pliny the Younger in the senatorial and centumviral courts to understand the political career of this Roman senator. Since our proposal was to examine the actions of this senator in legal proceedings, we found a wide specialized bibliography about the Roman law that deals with the study of the rules and applications of laws. A significant part of this bibliography separates the political and administrative context of legal practice. However, this segmentation was not observed in our documentation. This evidence has awakened us to the relevance of a study of the legal organization, and consequently, to the courts of justice, relating them to the political and administrative context. Considering this, in continuity with our previous studies, this research aims to analyze organizations and jurisdictions of the courts of justice based in the city of Rome, through the Pliny's Letters and Panegyricus, and the works of Tacitus, Dialogue on Oratory, Histories and Annals. We have as hypothesis the existence of an intertwining of political-administrative practices and legal practices during the Principate. Unlike the proposing of the bibliography on the subject, our proposal aims to understand the relationship between the political-administrative and legal going beyond the description of the law and court procedures. Our approach aims to increase knowledge of a context of intense disputes, negotiations and sharing of power between the Senate and Emperors, both regular participants in the legal, political and administrative ambit. From the cataloging of active characters in the processes and social networks in which these individuals were surrounded, the research aims to understand the dynamics between the legal and political-administrative activities between the governments of the Emperors Tiberius (14-37 AD) to Trajan (98-117 AD).

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
SOUZA, Dominique Monge Rodrigues de. The senatorial and imperial law courts in the city of Rome in the works of Tacitus and Pliny the Younger (1st and 2nd century AD). 2019. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais. Franca Franca.

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