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Effectiveness of payment for environmental services mechanism

Grant number: 15/16587-6
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2016
Effective date (End): September 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Grantee:Patricia Guidão Cruz Ruggiero
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):17/20245-9 - The impact of the Ecological Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfer (Ecological ICMS) on the expansion of protected areas and forest regeneration in Brazil, BE.EP.DR


The environmental service (ES) concept and the idea of economic incentives for environmental conservation were combined and applied to Payment for Environmental Services (PES) Programs implemented all over the world. In PES schemes, landowners receive an economic incentive for environmental services provided by their properties. Although there are a great number of ongoing PES programs, there is enormous uncertainty regarding the factors that lead to a greater or lesser effectiveness of this tool for conservation. The objective of this project is to conduct a systematic assessment of the PES mechanism by matching three complementary approaches and scales. At first, on a global scale, we will evaluate the impact of PES programs on the forest cover of tropical areas comparing areas with PES implementation with adjacent areas that did not receive the incentive. We will use remote sensing data available in databases covering the entire globe. In a second moment, in order to better understand the local heterogeneities and their impact on the effectiveness of PES, we will compare engaged and non-engaged properties in three PES programs in the Atlantic Forest region. We will estimate the probability of an observed increase of a forested area occur as a consequence of the engagement of the landowner in a PES program. Finally, we aim to understand the perspective of the landowner and the factors that influence their decisions concerning land use and the PES. For this purpose, we will interview landowners and test the hypothesis that the perceived fairness concerning the payments and the credibility of those implementing the program are the crucial factors influencing the landowner's decision whether to engage or not in the PES program. This project will bring an important contribution to conservation science, as part of the thematic project "Projeto Interface: Relações entre Estrutura da Paisagem, Processos Ecológicos, Biodiversidade e Serviços Ecossistêmicos" (FAPESP processo 2013/23457-6). (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RUGGIERO, PATRICIA G. C.; PFAFF, ALEXANDER; NICHOLS, ELIZABETH; ROSA, MARCOS; METZGER, JEAN PAUL. Election cycles affect deforestation within Brazil's Atlantic Forest. CONSERVATION LETTERS, . (15/16587-6, 17/20245-9, 13/23457-6, 14/11676-8)
RUGGIERO, P. G. C.; PFAFF, A.; PEREDA, P.; NICHOLS, E.; METZGER, J. P.. The Brazilian intergovernmental fiscal transfer for conservation: A successful but self-limiting incentive program. ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS, v. 191, . (14/11676-8, 15/16587-6, 13/23457-6, 17/20245-9)
RUGGIERO, PATRICIA G. C.; METZGER, JEAN PAUL; TAMBOSI, LEANDRO REVERBERI; NICHOLS, ELIZABETH. Payment for ecosystem services programs in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: Effective but not enough. LAND USE POLICY, v. 82, p. 283-291, . (14/11676-8, 15/16587-6, 13/23457-6)
RUGGIERO, PATRICIA G. C.; PFAFF, ALEXANDER; NICHOLS, ELIZABETH; ROSA, MARCOS; METZGER, JEAN PAUL. Election cycles affect deforestation within Brazil's Atlantic Forest. CONSERVATION LETTERS, v. 14, n. 5, . (17/20245-9, 15/16587-6, 14/11676-8, 13/23457-6)

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