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Manchester Paulista? The formation and struggles of the textile working class in Sorocaba, from 1890 to 1930

Grant number: 15/26208-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2016
Effective date (End): March 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Luigi Biondi
Grantee:Henrique Martines Herrera
Home Institution: Escola de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (EFLCH). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Guarulhos. Guarulhos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The present research objective reconstitute and understand the working class formation in Sorocaba city, taking the perspective of the field of the social work history. For the achievement of this intent, we adopt as a study object the textile workers in Sorocaba. We also seek identify and analyze the structural constraints, the cyclical tensions and the possibilities of human action present in the process of the formation of the working class in Sorocaba. Since the late XIX century the city of Sorocaba passed on by a fast process of industrialization, especially the textile sector, fact that allowed the people who lived at the time denominate the city of "Manchester Paulista", comparing compared to the English city homonymous. In this context, the city has housed a large number of workers who staged a series of mobilizations fighting for better conditions of life and work. The established temporal beacon has a beginning in the 1890s covering the beginning of industrialization in Sorocaba and the formation process of the urban working class linked to the textile sector, by the year of 1930, marked by the end of the First Republic and the arrive of Getúlio Vargas ahead of the Brazilian executive, moment that marks an important change in patterns and rhythms in the state's relationship with the working class in Brazil. (AU)

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