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Liberalism, secularism, and anticlericalism: an implausible alliance?

Grant number: 16/14622-1
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2016
Effective date (End): October 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Theory
Principal researcher:Álvaro de Vita
Grantee:Sebastián Rudas Neyra
Supervisor abroad: Tim Heysse
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium  
Associated to the scholarship:15/12948-4 - Secularism, Liberalism, and Pluralism in Catholic-Majoritarian Contexts: Conceptual and Practical Problems, BP.PD

Abstract

The conception of political secularism associated to what is usually called "liberal pluralism" has consolidated as the most influential theoretical account about the proper relation between religion and politics. Closely related to John Rawls' idea of an overlapping consensus, what this view tries to show is that liberal requirements to religion are not too demanding as to fail to respect freedom of conscience and that wide presence of religion in liberal politics does not jeopardize the foundations of a liberal and democratic state. In the first part of this project I propose a context-based criticism to the liberal pluralist conception of secularism. I analyze the hypothesis that liberal pluralism's focus on contemporary expressions of diversity in the western world misses the normative strength of its secular nature and consequently transforms what initially was conceived as a conception of secularism into a general theory of liberal and democratic politics. In the second part of this project I propose an alternative to liberal pluralism that keeps the initial secular motivation while at the same time preserves basic liberal and democratic political values. I call this view "liberal anticlericalism." I hope to argue that this view fares better than liberal pluralism in facing cases of political clericalism and cultural imperialism, both phenomena being more common than acknowledged in contemporary liberal and democratic countries. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RUDAS, SEBASTIAN. AGAINST MORALIZED SECULARISM. ATELIERS DE L ETHIQUE-THE ETHICS FORUM, v. 12, n. 2-3, p. 37-59, . (16/14622-1)

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.